Quant Boosters by Shubham Ranka, IIM Calcutta

Q 26) P and Q are the two opposite ends of a pond and the distance between them is 420 metres. Messi and Ronaldo start swimming towards each other at the same time from P and Q, with speeds in the ratio 5 : 9 respectively. As soon as any of them reaches an end, he turns back and starts swimming towards the other end. At what distance (in metres) from P will they meet when Ronaldo is in his 13th round?

For the same distance, Ratio of time will be inverse of speeds = 9 : 5
When Ronaldo covers 9 rounds, Messi covers 5.
==> When Ronaldo covers 13 , Messi will cover 13 x 5 / 9 = 65/9 rounds.
==> Distance = 420 x 65/9 = 9100/3 m
FOr P, nearest multiple of the track length = 420 x 7 (closest to 65/9 ) = 2960m.
==> Distance travelled from P = 9100/3  2960 = 43.33m

Q27) No of negative integral solution of 7a + 17b + 1000 = 0 is ?

a0
7x + 17y = 1000
mod 3y/7 = 6
x y
138 2
Tn = 138 + (n1) * 17 > 0
n < 9. xx
===> 9 solns

Q 28) 20% of notes are fake.Probability of accepting a fake for an original is .1 & original never rejected.The probability of accepting original is

p(F) = 0.2  p(O) = 0.8
p(Acceptance) = 0.8 + 0.2*.1 = .82
p(Acceptance of Original) = .8/.82 = .97

Q 29) There are three classes X, Y and Z. The average age of the students of classes X and Y together is 20 years. The average age of the students of classes Y and Z together is 35 years. The average age of the students of classes X and Z together is 15 years. Which of the following can be the average age of all the three classes together?
a) 16
b) 38
c) 30
d) 25

X+Y = 20(a+b) (1)
Y+Z=35(b+c) (2)
X+Z = 15(a+c) (3)
Let, X+Y+Z/a+b+c = M
Adding (1), (2) and (3) :
X+Y+Z = 5(7a+11b+10c)
= 35(a+b+c) + 5 (4b+3c)
M = 35 + 5 (4b+3c)/(a+b+c)
which is greater than 35 ===> (B)

Q 30) A hospital nursery has 3 boys and some girls. Overnight a child is born and is added to the group. The next morning, one child is chosen from the group at random, with uniform probability, and turns out to be a boy.Determine the probability p that the overnight addition to the group was also a boy

p = prob (overnight born = boy Next day chosen = boy)
= prob (overnight born = boy AND Next day chosen = boy) / prob (Next day chosen = boy)
= .5 * 4/T / (.5*4/T + .5 * 3/T) = 2/3.5 = 4/7 ~ .57