Quant Boosters - Sagar Gupta - Set 1


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    Each number is of the form 3^0, 3^1, 3^1 + 3^0, 3^2, 3^2+3^0, 3^2 + 3^2 + 3^2+3^1+3^0
    convert in base 3 :
    1,10,11,100,101 and so on
    100 in base 2 is 1100100
    100th term will be 3^6 + 3^5 + 3^2 = 729 + 243 + 9 = 981


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    Q16) There exist three positive integers P, Q and R such that P is not greater than Q, Q is not greater than R and the sum of P, Q and R is not more than 10. How many distinct sets of the values of P, Q and R are possible?


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    q = p + x, r = q + y, where p is positive integer and x, y are non-negative integers
    => y + 2x + 3p < = 10
    => y + 2x + 3p' < = 7 (p' = p + 1)
    So we have (4 + 3 + 1) + (4 + 2 + 1) + (3 + 2) + (3 + 1) + (2 + 1) + (2) + (1) + (1)
    = 31 solutions


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    Q17) India and Brazil play a football match in which India defeats Brazil 5-2. In how many different ways could the goals have been scored if Brazil never had a lead over India during the match ?


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    First goal always India will score : 1-0
    Now :
    I / B B I I I I
    Only 1 way brazil can take a lead :
    ( 6! / 2! 4! ) -1
    14


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    Q18) For any positive integer n, P(n) is the product of digits of n, then find the value of P(1) + P(2) + ...... + P(999).
    Note:- P(1) = 1, P(6) = 6, P(23) = 6, P(900) = 9 and so on


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    0-9 : 1 + ( 1+2+3+.....9)
    10-19 : 1 + ( 1+2+3+.....9)
    20-29 : 2 + 2 ( 1+2+3......9)
    .
    .
    90-99 : 9 + 9 ( 1+2+3...... 9 )
    total =46 + 46 *45 = 46^2

    100-109 : 1 + ( 1+2+3...9)
    110 - 119 : 1 + ( 1+2+3+.....9)
    120 - 129 : 2 + 2( 1+2+3......9)
    .
    .
    190-199 : 9+ 9 ( 1+2 + 3 +.........9)
    total = 46 + 46 *45 = 46^2

    200-209 : 2 + 2 [ 1 + 2 +.......9 ]
    210 -219 : 2 + 2 [ 1 + 2 +........9 ]
    220 - 229 : 4 + 4 [ 1 + 2 +......... 9 ]
    .
    .
    290 -299 : 18 + 18 [ 1 +2 +3 ...... 9
    total = 92 + 92 [ 45 ] = 92 [ 46 ] = 2*46^2

    If you see the pattern :
    Series will go like :
    46^2 + ( 46^2 + 2 * 46^2 +.........9 * 46^2 )
    46^2 + 46^2 [ 45 ] = 46^3
    Now subtract 1 from it as we considered 0 in the beginning
    Answer = 46^3 - 1 = 97735


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    Q19) The numbers a1, a2,...,a108 are written on a circle such that the sum of any 20 consecutive numbers equals 1000. If a1 = 1, a19 = 19, and a50 = 50, find a100


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    HCF of 108 and 20 is 4, so terms will start repeating after every 4th term
    So, a100 will be 1000/5 - 50 - 19 - 1 = 130


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    Q20) Find the number of integral solutions of x^2 - 3y^2 = -2 , 0 < x < 20


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    x^2 - 3y^2 = -2
    x^2 = 3y^2 - 2
    x^2 mod 3 = -2
    x^2 = 3k - 2 = 3k + 1
    3y^2 = 3k + 1 + 2 = 3(k+1)
    y^2 = k+1
    k = -1,0,3,8,15,24,35,48,63,80,99,120
    x^2 = -2,1,10,25,46,73,106,145,190,241,298,361
    x = 1,5,19 at k = 0,8,120 = y^2
    Points : 1,1 ; 1,-1 ; 5,3 ; 5,-3 ; 19,11 ; 19,-11
    6 solutions


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    Q21) From an 'x' litre of solution of alcohol and water, 10% of the solution is removed and that amount of water is added back. Now, 9.09% of solution is removed and again water is added in the same amount. Again 8.33% of solution is removed and water is added in the same quantity. If initially, the mixture had alcohol and water in the ratio of 2:1, and has 1:1 alcohol and water afterwards, what can be the value of 'x' ?
    a) 2 litre
    b) 3 litre
    c) 4 litre
    d) Not dependent on x


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    Suppose the original total is x, then alcohol as a fraction of total (step-by-step) becomes x * 2/3 * 9/10 * 10/11 * 11/12 = 1/2 and hence alcohol : water will become 1 : 1 always


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    Q22) sqrt (x+2) + sqrt (x-2)= sqrt(4x-3)
    The number of solutions for this equation are :
    a) 0
    b) 1
    c) 2
    d) more than 2


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    x+2 + x-2 + 2 sqrt ( x^2 - 4 ) = 4x -3
    2x - 3 =2 sqrt ( x^2 - 4)
    4x^2 + 9 - 12x = 4x^2 - 16
    25 = 12x
    x=25/12


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    Q23) N = 57^99 + 55^99. What is the remainder when N is divided by 224?


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    Euler[224] =96
    99 mod 96 = 3
    57^3 + 55^3 mod 224
    [57+55 ] ( 57^2 + 55^2 - 57*55 ) mod 224
    112 * 3 mod 224 = 112

    Or Use binomial
    (56 + 1)^99 + (56 - 1)^99
    Remainder will be 56 * 99 * 2 or 112(2 * 49 + 1) or 112


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    Q24) Find the remainder when 987698769876.... 400 digits is divided by 31


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    Take [9876] as one digit, so total 100 digits
    Euler(31) = 30, so just take 100mod30=10, ie last ten digits
    Which is 9876 (1 + 10^4 + 10^8 + .... + 10^36) mod 31
    (GP sum inside bracket) mod 31 = 13
    9876mod 31=18
    So 18 * 13 mod 31=17


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    Q25) Sum of 5 terms in an increasing GP is 1031. All the terms are integers. Find the sum of first and the last term of this GP.


 

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