Para Jumbles - TITA (Solved) - Shahzar Khan
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Director, Verbal Ability | Elite's Grid
A. The girl on the train
B. A frail looking teenager
C. Was selling train Miniatures
D. To a person reading The Girl On The Train
Explanation: Let's start with A. It introduces a person, so, it CAN be the opening sentence.
B describes the person, hence AB becomes a mandatory pair.
C further describes an action that is being performed. Now, we need to ask ourselves:
(1) Who was selling the miniatures?
(2) To whom?
1 is answered by A, so ABC is the right sequence.
2 is answered by D, hence CD becomes another Mandatory Pair.
using BC as the Key Link, ABCD is our answer.
That, in D, Girl On The Train is a noun. Hence, given the context, it MUST be the name of the Book/ text/ that the person is reading. Notice how A and D use the same sequence of words in an entirely different fashion.
A. It is time for the oil producer group to switch its focus from managing production to managing exports, and let the market take the strain in monitoring compliance.
B. OPEC oil producers have made it clear that "doing whatever it takes" doesn't include making deeper output cuts.
C. Yes, I know, the current $55 a barrel for Brent is a huge improvement on the low of less than $28 that it reached in January 2016, but it is still roughly half what was 18 months earlier.
D. Exemplary compliance with output cuts has done little to boost oil prices.
Let's follow the same technique. Starting with A:
A - It is time for THE "oil producer group"
Usage of THE imply that a particular group is being referred to. Which Group is being talked about here? We don't know yet. But, A can't be the openinig sentence.
B - OPEC is the group that is being mentioned in A. So,
A can be the introductory statement.
AB CAN be a MP
C - Doesn't follow any flow, hence, cannot be ascertained as to where it should be placed.
D - This gives some sort of context to C.
DC, thus, becomes a MP.
Hence, BADC is the correct answer.
A. Even a man as self-deluding and indifferent to truth as Donald Trump is unable to claim that his threats have cowed North Korea.
B. Five weeks ago, he warned of “fire and fury”. Since then, Pyongyang has launched three missiles – two over Japan – and tested another nuclear bomb.
C. Most probably, he believes he will not need to do so: if only he keeps shouting, the North Koreans will fall into line eventually.
D. Trump continues to wave his stick, talking on Friday of “effective and overwhelming” options, despite widespread warnings of the immense risk that they would bring catastrophe, not least for US allies and service people.
E. Allies fear he is genuinely willing to take military action.
The purpose behind sharing this question was to highlight how exactly LINKS work in any written text.
Using the same methodology, let's start with A
A - Introduces the context. CAN be the opening sentence.
B - Explains the background behind A, making AB a MP
C - "he will not need to do so" requires further explanation. Continue to do what?
D - Continues from B.
The Link is the structure:
Trump Says Something - N. Korea performs Nuclear Tests - Trump Says something again, obviously.
Hence, ABD makes sense.
EC, thus become a MP, and can be placed at last.
Key: Allies as a link in both the sentences.
A. The one who stands to lose the most is already complaining.
B. After being at the center of a glaring, and often unkind, media spotlight over the past year, the holding company of India's $105 billion salt-to-software conglomerate Tata Group is going dark.
C. The family of Cyrus Mistry, unceremoniously removed as chairman by patriarch Ratan Tata in a boardroom coup last October, continues to be an 18 percent owner of Tata Sons, second only to the charitable trusts that together hold two-thirds.
D. For closely held Tata Sons Ltd. to change its legal status from a public to a private company is a clever move, though not particularly healthy.
A - Lose what? How? From? More context needed here. Can't be the opening sentence.
B - Introduces the main subject - Tata Group. Perfect introductory statement.
C - Doesn't fit anywhere.
D - Talks about Tata Group's privatization. Can be paired with B.
Thus, BD is a MP.
Since A makes sense to be placed AFTER introducing the subjects, BDA makes sense.
C, although logically doesn't fit anywhere, but is a technical continuation after A.
Who has the most to lose? The people who own the company.
A. A market's ability to snap back from a loss, rather than spiral down, is something investors watch to make sure a bull market is still healthy.
B. On Wednesday, declining volume, on a 100-day moving average -- it's volatile, so in general most people look at it on a rolling basis -- hit 254 million shares traded, the lowest in two and a half years.
C. Buying on the dips is generally considered good.
D. Ever since July, there has been a decline in the number of shares traded in S&P 500 companies whose stock prices have been falling.
E. It shows optimism and that investors are still willing to take risks.
Explanation: DB is an obvious mandatory pair. Connects the figures.
CE is another mandatory pair. Buying on the dips is good, and why? E covers the latter.
A gives further explanation to the fact mentioned in C.
A. Dimon’s comments are an open invitation for derision from those who, rightly, point out that although JP Morgan may be top of the Wall Street heap, that heap is far from being the moral high ground.
B. Under Dimon’s leadership, it has agreed a $13bn settlement with US regulators over selling dodgy mortgage securities – the instruments behind the credit crunch – and its run-ins with watchdogs include a $264m fine last year for hiring the children of Chinese officials in order to win lucrative business in return.
C. When the boss of Wall Street’s biggest bank calls a bubble, the world inevitably sits up and listens, albeit with a sense of historically weighted irony: of course an investment bank boss would spot disaster after his industry presided over the last one.
D. Jamie Dimon, the chief executive of JP Morgan, said last week that the ascendancy of the virtual currency bitcoin – which has risen in price from just over $2 in 2011 to more than $4,000 at points this year – reminded him of tulip fever in 17th-century Holland.
E. “It is worse than tulip bulbs,” he said. “It could be at $20,000 before this happens, but it will eventually blow up. I am just shocked that anyone can’t see it for what it is.”
Explanation: Doesn't need any ;)
A. Last November, Columbia University historian Mark Lilla published a comment piece in the New York Times, entitled The End of Identity Liberalism. Numbed by Trump’s election victory, Lilla placed the blame largely at the door of “identity politics”, which, he argued, had atomised American politics, undermined civic culture and destroyed the Democrats’ electoral chances.
B. Liberalism, he wrote, “has slipped into a kind of moral panic about racial, gender and sexual identity that has distorted liberalism’s message and prevented it from becoming a unifying force capable of governing”.
C. Lilla’s essay became the eye of a furious political storm. Some critics suggested that he was whistling in the wind – all politics, they insisted, is necessarily identity politics. Others saw it as an attack on minorities.
D. Katherine Franke, professor of law at Columbia, and a colleague of Lilla’s, claimed that Lilla was doing the “background work of making white supremacy respectable”.
E. It’s a debate equally significant for politics on this side of the Atlantic.
F. Here, too, the left has considerably weakened, society has become more fragmented and there has developed an equally fraught debate about the politics of identity.
Explanation: AB is a direct continuation, and hence, a mandatory pair.
C continues with the text description.
D elaborates further on the criticisms mentioned in C.
EF, another mandatory pair, acts as a conclusion.