Critical Reasoning Previous Year Questions (CAT) - Set 0015


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    Previous years`s CAT questions: Critical Reasoning

    Post your solutions as reply to respective questions below.


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    Question 1

    Choose the one which best fits the sequence logically.

    Many of us live one-eyed lives. We rely largely on the eye of the mind to form our images of reality. It is a mechanical world based on fact and reason. (_______). So today more and more of us are opening the other eye, the eye of the heart, looking for realities to which the mind’s eye is blind. This is a world warmed and transformed by the power of love, a vision of community beyond the mind’s capacity to see. Either eye alone is not enough. We need “wholesight”, a vision of the world in which mind and heart unite.

    (a) It had lead to unprecedented scientific growth and material well – being.
    (b) In the nuclear age, our mind-made world has been found flawed and dangerous, even lethal,
    (c) The question is irrelevant, whether or not they can be seen and reasoned.
    (d) We have built our lives based on it because it seemed predictable and safe.

    (CAT 1993)


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    Answer: Option B


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    Question 2

    Choose the one which best fits the sequence logically.

    People arguing for a position have been known to cast the opposite in an unnecessarily feeble light. (______). People who indulge in this fallacy may be fearful or ignorant of a strong counter argument. Detecting this fallacy often depends on having already heard a better refutation, or having information with which to construct one.

    (a) Casting the opposite as weaker than it really is, is a very effective strategy.
    (b) This portrayal of a refutation as weaker than it really is, is a sure way of proving your point.
    (c) Casting the opposite as weaker than it really is, is not a very effective strategy.
    (d) This portrayal of refutation as weaker than it really is, is unwarranted.

    (CAT 1993)


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    Answer: Option C


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    Question 3

    Choose the one which best fits the sequence logically.

    The question of what rights animals should enjoy is a vexatious one, Hundreds of millions of animals are put to death for human use each year. Contrariwise, it can be argued that slowing down scientific research would retard discovery of antidotes to diseases such as cancer which kill humans and animals alike. (_________). What if super intelligent beings from Alpha Centauri landed on earth and decided to use us for their experiments, arguing that they could save far more of their and our lives by so doing?

    (a) It will benefit both in the long run.
    (b) Is the argument truly fair to animals?
    (c) But the progress of human civilization cannot be made contingent on some hypothetical rights of animals.
    (d) There is no question of equating human rights with those of animals.

    (CAT 1993)


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    Answer: Option B


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    Question 4

    Choose the one which best fits the sequence logically.

    A deliberation is a form of discussion in which two people begin on different sides of an issue. (_______) Then each decides, in the light of the other argument whether to adopt the other position, to change his or her position somewhat, or to maintain the same position. Both sides realize that to modify one’s position is not to lose; the point is to get closer to the truth of the matter.

    (a) Each person argues his or her position most sincerely.
    (b) The prerequisite for deliberation to be productive is that persons involved must keep an open mind.
    (c) The purpose is to resolve the issue to the satisfaction of both parties.
    (d) The trick is to state your viewpoint from a position of strength.

    (CAT 1993)


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    Answer: Option A


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    Question 5

    Choose the most logical order of sentence from among the four given choices to construct a coherent paragraph.

    A. In emission trading, the government fixes the total amount of pollution that is acceptable to maintain a desired level of air quality.
    B. Economists argue this approach makes air pollution control more cost – effective than the current practice of fixing air pollution standards and expecting all companies to pollute below these standards.
    C. USA uses emission trading to control air pollution.
    D. It then distributes emission permits to all companies in the region, which add up to the overall acceptable level of emission.

    (a) BADC
    (b) ACDB
    (c) CADB
    (d) DBAC
          (CAT 1993)


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    Answer: Option C


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    Question 6

    Choose the most logical order of sentence from among the four given choices to construct a coherent paragraph.

    A. Realists believe that there is an objective reality “out there” independent of ourselves.
    B. This reality exists solely by virtue of how the world is, and it is in principle discoverable by application of the methods of science.
    C. They believe in the possibility of determining whether or not a theory is indeed really true or false.
    D. I think it is fair to say that this is the position to which most working scientists subscribe.

    (a) ABCD
    (b) CDBA
    (c) DCBA
    (d) BCAD     (CAT 1993)


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    Answer: Option A


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    Question 7

    Choose the most logical order of sentence from among the four given choices to construct a coherent paragraph.

    A. All levels of demand, whether individual, aggregate, local, national, or international are subject to change.
    B. At the same time, science and technology add new dimensions to products, their uses, and the methods used to market them.
    C. Aggregate demand fluctuates with changes in the level of business activity, GNP, and national income.
    D. The demands of individuals tend to vary with changing needs and rising income.

    (a) CBDA
    (b) DCAB
    (c) BCAD
    (d) ADCB     (CAT 1993)


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    Answer: Option D


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    Question 8

    Choose the most logical order of sentence from among the four given choices to construct a coherent paragraph.

    A. There is a strong manufacturing base for a variety of products.
    B. India has come a long way on the technology front.
    C. But the technology adopted has been largely of foreign origin.
    D. There are however areas such as atomic energy, space, agriculture, and defense where significant strides have been made in evolving relevant technologies within the country.

    (a) ADCB
    (b) DBAC
    (c) BACD
    (d) CBAD
        (CAT 1993)


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    Answer: Option C


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    Question 9

    Choose the most logical order of sentence from among the four given choices to construct a coherent paragraph.

    A. Secret persons shall strike with weapons, fire or poison.
    B. Clans mutually supporting each other shall be made to strike at the weak points.
    C. He shall destroy their caravans, herds, forests and troop reinforcements.
    D. The conqueror shall cause enemy kingdom to be destroyed by neighboring kings, jungle tribes, pretenders or unjustly treated princes.

    (a) DCBA
    (b) ABCD
    (c) BDCA
    (d) ADCB     (CAT 1993)


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    Answer: Option A


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    Question 10

    Choose the most logical order of sentence from among the four given choices to construct a coherent paragraph.

    A. The individual companies vary in size, from the corner grocery to the industrial giant.
    B. Policies and management methods within firms range from formal well-planned organization and controls to slipshod day-to-day operations.
    C. Various industries offer a wide array of products or services through millions of firms largely independent of each other.
    D. Variation in the form of ownership contributes to diversity in capital investment, volume of business, and financial structure.

    (a) DBCA
    (b) CADB
    (c) BADC
    (d) ADCB    (CAT 1993)


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