Critical Reasoning Previous Year Questions (CAT) - Set 0009


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    Previous years`s CAT questions: Critical Reasoning

    Post your solutions as reply to respective questions below.


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    Question 1

    Cigarettes constitute a mere 20 per cent of tobacco consumption in India, and fewer than 15 percent of the 200 million tobacco users consume cigarettes. Yet these 15 per cent contribute nearly 90 per cent of the tax revenues to the exchequer from the tobacco sector. The punitive cigarette taxation regime has kept the tax base narrow, and reducing taxes will expand this base. Which of the following best bolsters the conclusion that reducing duties will expand the tax base?

    a. The cigarette manufacturers’ association has decided to indulge in aggressive promotion.

    b. There is a likelihood that tobacco consumers will shift to cigarette smoking if cigarette prices were to reduce.
    c. The cigarette manufacturers are lobbying for a reduction on duties.

    d. An increase in duties on non-cigarette tobacco may lead to a shift in favour of cigarette smoking.  (CAT 1999)


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    Answer: Option b


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    Question 2

    Thomas Malthus, the British clergyman-turned economist, predicted that the planet would not be able to support the human population for long. His explanation was that human population grows at
    a geometric rate, while the food supply grows only at an arithmetic rate. Which one of the following, if true, would not undermine the thesis offered by Malthus?

    a. Population growth can be slowed down by the voluntary choices of individuals and not just by natural disasters.

    b. The capacity of the planet to feed a growing human population can be enhanced through biotechnological means.

    c. Human systems, and natural systems like food supply, follow natural laws of growth which have remained constant, and will remain unchanged.

    d. Human beings can colonize other planetary systems on a regular and ongoing basis to accommodate a growing population.   (CAT 1999)


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    Answer: Option c


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    Question 3

    The company’s coffee crop for 1998-99 totalled 8,079 tonnes, an all-time record. The increase over the previous year’s production of 5,830 tonnes was 38.58 per cent. The previous highest crop was 6,089 tonnes in 1970-71. The company had fixed a target of 8,000 tonnes to be realized by the year 2000-01, and this has been achieved two years earlier, thanks to the emphasis laid on the key areas of irrigation, replacement of unproductive coffee bushes, intensive refilling and improved agricultural practices. It is now our endeavour to reach the target of 10,000 tonnes in 2001-02. Which one of the following would contribute most to making the target of 10,000 tonnes in 2001-02 unrealistic?

    a. The potential of the productivity enhancing measures implemented up to now has been exhausted.

    b. The total company land under coffee has remained constant since 1969 when an estate in the Nilgiri Hills was acquired.

    c. The sensitivity of the crop to climatic factors makes predictions about production uncertain.

    d. The target-setting procedures in the company had been proved to be sound by the achievement of the 8,000 tonnes target.    (CAT 1999)


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    Answer: Option a


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    Question 4

    Animals, in general, are shrewd in proportion as they cultivate society. Elephants and beavers show the greatest signs of this sagacity when they are together in large numbers, but when man invades their communities they lose all their spirit of industry. Among insects, the labours of the bee and the ant have attracted the attention and admiration of naturalists, but all their sagacity seems to be lost upon separation, and a single bee or ant seems destitute of every degree of industry. It becomes the most stupid insect imaginable, and it languishes and soon dies. Which of the following can be inferred from the above passage?

    a. Humankind is responsible for the destruction of the natural habitat of animals and insects.

    b. Animals, in general, are unable to function effectively outside their normal social environment.

    c. Naturalists have great admiration for bees and ants, despite their lack of industry upon separation.

    d. Elephants and beavers are smarter than bees and ants in the presence of human beings.

    (CAT 1999)


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    Answer: Option b


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    Question 5

    Unseasonableness is a tendency to do socially permissible things at the wrong time. The unseasonable man is the sort of person who comes to confide in you when you are busy. He serenades his beloved when she is ill. He asks a man who has just lost money by paying a bill for a friend to pay a bill for him. He invites a friend to go for a ride just after the friend has finished a long car trip. He is eager to offer services which are not wanted, but which cannot be politely refused. If he is present at an arbitration, he stirs up dissension between the two parties, who were really anxious to agree. Such is the unseasonable man.

    Q1. The unseasonable man tends to

    a. entertain women.

    b. be a successful arbitrator when dissenting parties are anxious to agree.

    c. be helpful when solicited.

    d. tell a long story to people who have heard it many times before.

    Q2. The unseasonable man tends to

    a. bring a higher bidder to a salesman who has just closed a deal.

    b. disclose confidential information to others.

    c. sing the praises of the bride when he goes to a wedding.

    d. sleep late and rise early.    (CAT 1999)


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    Answer: Q1. Option d Q2. Option a


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    Question 6

    Arrange sentences A, B, C and D between sentences 1 and 6 to form a logical sequence of six sentences.

    1. Buddhism is a way to salvation.

    A. But Buddhism is more severely analytical.

    B. In the Christian tradition there is also a concern for the fate of human society conceived as a whole, rather than merely as a sum or network of individuals.

    C. Salvation is a property, or achievement of individuals.

    D. Not only does it dissolve society into individuals, the individual in turn is dissolved into component parts and instants, a stream of events.

    6. In modern terminology, Buddhist doctrine is reductionist.

    a. ABDC

    b. CBAD

    c. BDAC

    d. ABCD               (CAT 1998 )


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    Answer: Option b


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    Question 7

    Arrange sentences A, B, C and D between sentences 1 and 6 to form a logical sequence of six sentences.

    1. Buddhism is a way to salvation.

    A. But Buddhism is more severely analytical.

    B. In the Christian tradition there is also a concern for the fate of human society conceived as a whole, rather than merely as a sum or network of individuals.

    C. Salvation is a property, or achievement of individuals.

    D. Not only does it dissolve society into individuals, the individual in turn is dissolved into component parts and instants, a stream of events.

    6. In modern terminology, Buddhist doctrine is reductionist.

    a. ABDC

    b. CBAD

    c. BDAC

    d. ABCD               (CAT 1998 )


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    Answer: Option b


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    Question 8

    Arrange sentences A, B, C and D between sentences 1 and 6 to form a logical sequence of six sentences.

    1. Good literary magazines have always been good because of their editors.

    A. Furthermore, to edit by committee, as it were, would prevent any magazine from finding its own identity.

    B. The more quirky and idiosyncratic they have been, the better the magazine is, at least as a general rule.

    C. But the number of editors one can have for a magazine should also be determined by the number of contributions to it.

    D. To have four editors for an issue that contains only seven contributions, it is a bit silly to start with.

    6. However, in spite of this anomaly, the magazine does acquire merit in its attempt to give a comprehensive view of the Indian literary scene as it is today.


    a. ABCD

    b. BCDA

    c. ABDC

    d. CBAD  (CAT 1998 )


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    Answer: Option b


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    Question 9

    Arrange sentences A, B, C and D between sentences 1 and 6 to form a logical sequence of six sentences.

    1. It is the success story of the Indian expatriate in the US which today hogs much of the media coverage in India.

    A. East and West, the twain have met quite comfortably in their person, thank you.

    B. Especially in its more recent romancing — the-NRI phase.

    C. Seldom does the price of getting there — more like not getting there — or what's going on behind those sunny smiles get so much media hype.

    D. Well groomed, with their perfect Colgate smiles, and hair in place, they appear the picture of confidence which comes from having arrived.

    6. The festival of feature films and documentaries made by Americans of Indian descent being screened this fortnight, goes a long way in filling those gaps.

    a. ACBD

    b. DABC

    c. BDAC

    d. ABCD   (CAT 1998 )


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    Answer: Option c


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    Question 10

    Arrange sentences A, B, C and D between sentences 1 and 6 to form a logical sequence of six sentences.

    1. A market for Indian art has existed ever since the international art scene sprang to life.

    A. But interest in architectural conceits is an unanticipated fallout of the Festivals of India of the '80s, which were designed to increase exports of Indian crafts.

    B. Simultaneously, the Indian elite discarded their synthetic sarees and kitsch plastic furniture and a market came into being.

    C. Western dealers, unhappy in a market afflicted by violent price fluctuations and unpredictable profit margins, began to look East, and found cheap antiques with irresistible appeal.

    D. The fortunes of the Delhi supremos, the Jew Town dealers in Cochin and myriad others around the country were made.

    6. A chain of command was established, from the local contacts to the provincial dealers and up to the big boys, who entertain the Italians and the French, cutting deals worth lakhs in warehouses worth crores.

    a. ABCD

    b. DCAB

    c. CBAD

    d. CABD     (CAT 1998 )


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