Critical Reasoning Previous Year Questions (CAT) - Set 0008
Choose the most logical order of the sentences from among the four given choices to construct a coherent paragraph.
A. Since then, intelligence tests have been mostly used to separate dull children in school from average or bright children, so that special education can be provided to the dull.
B. In other words, intelligence tests give us a norm for each age.
C. Intelligence is expressed as intelligence quotient, and tests are developed to indicate what an average child of a certain age can do…. What a five-year-old can answer, but a four-year-old cannot, for instance.
D. Binet developed the first set of such tests in the early 1900s to find out which children in school
needed special attention.
E. Intelligence can be measured by tests.
d. CBADE (CAT 1999)
Answer: Option c
Three airlines â IA, JA and SA â operate on the Delhi- Mumbai route. To increase the number of seats sold, SA reduced its fares and this was emulated by IA and JA immediately. The general belief was that the volume of air travel between Delhi and Mumbai would increase as a result. Which of the following, if true, would add credence to the general belief?
a. Increase in profitability of the three airlines.
b. Extension of the discount scheme to other routes.
c. A study that shows that air travellers in India are price-conscious.
d. A study that shows that as much as 80 per cent of air travel in India is company-sponsored.
Answer: Option c
According to McNeill, a Brahmin priest was expected to be able to recite at least one of the Vedas. The practice was essential for several centuries when the Vedas had not yet been written down. It must have had a selective effect, since priests would have been recruited from those able or willing to memorize long passages. It must have helped in the dissemination of the work, since a memorized passage can be duplicated many times. Which of the following can be inferred from the above passage?
a. Reciting the Vedas was a Brahmin’s obligation.
b. The Vedic priest was like a recorded audio cassette.
c. McNeill studied the behaviour of Brahmin priests.
d. Vedic hymns had not been scripted. (CAT 1999)
Answer: Option b
Developed countries have made adequate provisions for social security for senior citizens. State insurers (as well as private ones) offer medicare and pension benefits to people who can no longer earn. In India, with the collapse of the joint family system, the traditional shelter of the elderly has disappeared. And the state faced with a financial crunch is not in a position to provide social security. So, it is advisable that the working population give serious thought to building a financial base for itself. Which one of the following, if it were to happen, weakens the conclusions drawn in the above passage the most?
a. The investible income of the working population, as a proportion of its total income, will grow in the future.
b. The insurance sector is underdeveloped and trends indicate that it will be extensively privatized in the future.
c. India is on a path of development that will take it to a developed country status, with all its positive and negative implications.
d. If the working population builds a stronger financial base, there will be a revival of the joint family system. (CAT 1999)
Answer: Option c
Various studies have shown that our forested and hilly regions and, in general, areas where biodiversity — as reflected in the variety of flora — is high, are the places where poverty appears to be high. And these same areas are also the ones where educational performance seems to be poor. Therefore, it may be surmised that, even disregarding poverty status, richness in biodiversity goes hand in hand with educational backwardness. Which one of the following statements, if true, can be said to best provide supporting evidence for the surmise mentioned in the passage?
a. In regions where there is little variety in flora, educational performance is seen to be as good as in regions with high variety in flora, where poverty levels are high.
b. Regions which show high biodiversity also exhibit poor education performance, at low levels of poverty.
c. Regions which show high biodiversity reveal high levels of poverty and poor educational performance.
d. In regions where there is low biodiversity, at all levels of poverty, educational performance is seen to be good. (CAT 1999)
Answer: Option d