Critical Reasoning Previous Year Questions (CAT) - Set 0008


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    Previous years`s CAT questions: Critical Reasoning

    Post your solutions as reply to respective questions below.


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    Question 1

    Choose the most logical order of sentences from among the given options.

    A. The likelihood of an accident is determined by how carefully the motorist drives and how carefully the pedestrian crosses the street.

    B. An accident involving a motorist and a pedestrian is such a case.

    C. Each must decide how much care to exercise without knowing how careful the other is.

    D. The simplest strategic problem arises when two individuals interact with each other, and each must decide what to do without knowing what the other is doing.

    (1) ABCD

    (2) ADCB

    (3) DBCA

    (4) DBAC    (CAT 2000)


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    Answer: Option 4


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    Question 2

    Choose the most logical order of the sentences from among the four given choices to construct a coherent paragraph.

    A. In rejecting the functionalism in positivist organization theory, either wholly or partially, there is
    often a move towards a political model of organization theory.

    B. Thus, the analysis would shift to the power resources possessed by different groups in the organization and the way they use these resources in actual power plays to shape the organizational structure.

    C. At the extreme, in one set of writings, the growth of administrators in the organization is held to
    be completely unrelated to the work to be done and to be caused totally by the political pursuit of self-interest.

    D. The political model holds that individual interests are pursued in organizational life through the exercise of power and influence.

    a. ADBC

    b. CBAD

    c. DBCA

    d. ABDC   (CAT 1999)


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    Answer: Option a


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    Question 3

    Choose the most logical order of the sentences from among the four given choices to construct a coherent paragraph.

    A. Group decision-making, however, does not necessarily fully guard against arbitrariness and anarchy, for individual capriciousness can get substituted by collusion of group members.

    B. Nature itself is an intricate system of checks and balances, meant to preserve the delicate balance between various environmental factors that affect our ecology.

    C. In institutions also, there is a need to have in place a system of checks and balances which inhibits the concentration of power in the hands of only some individuals.
    D. When human interventions alter this delicate balance, the outcomes have been seen to be disastrous.

    a. CDAB

    b. BCAD

    c. CABD

    d. BDCA  (CAT 1999)


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    Answer: Option d


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    Question 4

    Choose the most logical order of the sentences from among the four given choices to construct a coherent paragraph.

    A. He was bone-weary and soul-weary, and found himself muttering, “Either I can’t manage this place, or it’s unmanageable.”

    B. To his horror, he realized that he had become the victim of an amorphous, unwitting, unconscious conspiracy to immerse him in routine work that had no significance.

    C. It was one of those nights in the office when the office clock was moving towards four in the morning and Bennis was still not through with the incredible mass of paper stacked before him.

    D. He reached for his calendar and ran his eyes down each hour, half-hour, and quarter-hour, to see where his time had gone that day, the day before, the month before.

    a. ABCD

    b. CADB

    c. BDCA

    d. DCBA    (CAT 1999)


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    Answer: Option b


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    Question 5

    Choose the most logical order of the sentences from among the four given choices to construct a coherent paragraph.

    A. With that, I swallowed the shampoo, and obtained the most realistic results almost on the spot.

    B. The man shuffled away into the back regions to make up a prescription, and after a moment I got through on the shop-telephone to the Consulate, intimating my location.

    C. Then, while the pharmacist was wrapping up a six-ounce bottle of the mixture, I groaned and inquired whether he could give me something for acute gastric cramp.

    D. I intended to stage a sharp gastric attack, and entering an old-fashioned pharmacy, I asked for a
    popular shampoo mixture, consisting of olive oil and flaked soap.

    a. DCBA

    b. DACB

    c. BDAC

    d. BCDA   (CAT 1999)


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    Answer: Option a


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    Question 6

    Choose the most logical order of the sentences from among the four given choices to construct a coherent paragraph.

    A. Since then, intelligence tests have been mostly used to separate dull children in school from average or bright children, so that special education can be provided to the dull.

    B. In other words, intelligence tests give us a norm for each age.

    C. Intelligence is expressed as intelligence quotient, and tests are developed to indicate what an average child of a certain age can do…. What a five-year-old can answer, but a four-year-old cannot, for instance.

    D. Binet developed the first set of such tests in the early 1900s to find out which children in school
    needed special attention.

    E. Intelligence can be measured by tests.

    a. CDABE

    b. DECAB

    c. EDACB

    d. CBADE    (CAT 1999)


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    Answer: Option c


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    Question 7

    Three airlines — IA, JA and SA — operate on the Delhi- Mumbai route. To increase the number of seats sold, SA reduced its fares and this was emulated by IA and JA immediately. The general belief was that the volume of air travel between Delhi and Mumbai would increase as a result. Which of the following, if true, would add credence to the general belief?

    a. Increase in profitability of the three airlines.

    b. Extension of the discount scheme to other routes.

    c. A study that shows that air travellers in India are price-conscious.

    d. A study that shows that as much as 80 per cent of air travel in India is company-sponsored.

    (CAT 1999)


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    Answer: Option c


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    Question 8

    According to McNeill, a Brahmin priest was expected to be able to recite at least one of the Vedas. The practice was essential for several centuries when the Vedas had not yet been written down. It must have had a selective effect, since priests would have been recruited from those able or willing to memorize long passages. It must have helped in the dissemination of the work, since a memorized passage can be duplicated many times. Which of the following can be inferred from the above passage?

    a. Reciting the Vedas was a Brahmin’s obligation.

    b. The Vedic priest was like a recorded audio cassette.

    c. McNeill studied the behaviour of Brahmin priests.

    d. Vedic hymns had not been scripted.    (CAT 1999)


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    Answer: Option b


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    Question 9

    Developed countries have made adequate provisions for social security for senior citizens. State insurers (as well as private ones) offer medicare and pension benefits to people who can no longer earn. In India, with the collapse of the joint family system, the traditional shelter of the elderly has disappeared. And the state faced with a financial crunch is not in a position to provide social security. So, it is advisable that the working population give serious thought to building a financial base for itself. Which one of the following, if it were to happen, weakens the conclusions drawn in the above passage the most?

    a. The investible income of the working population, as a proportion of its total income, will grow in the future.

    b. The insurance sector is underdeveloped and trends indicate that it will be extensively privatized in the future.

    c. India is on a path of development that will take it to a developed country status, with all its positive and negative implications.

    d. If the working population builds a stronger financial base, there will be a revival of the joint family system.     (CAT 1999)


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    Answer: Option c


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    Question 10

    Various studies have shown that our forested and hilly regions and, in general, areas where biodiversity — as reflected in the variety of flora — is high, are the places where poverty appears to be high. And these same areas are also the ones where educational performance seems to be poor. Therefore, it may be surmised that, even disregarding poverty status, richness in biodiversity goes hand in hand with educational backwardness. Which one of the following statements, if true, can be said to best provide supporting evidence for the surmise mentioned in the passage?

    a. In regions where there is little variety in flora, educational performance is seen to be as good as in regions with high variety in flora, where poverty levels are high.

    b. Regions which show high biodiversity also exhibit poor education performance, at low levels of poverty.

    c. Regions which show high biodiversity reveal high levels of poverty and poor educational performance.

    d. In regions where there is low biodiversity, at all levels of poverty, educational performance is seen to be good.    (CAT 1999)


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