Critical Reasoning Previous Year Questions (CAT) - Set 0007


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    Previous years`s CAT questions: Critical Reasoning

    Post your solutions as reply to respective questions below.


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    Question 1

    Choose the most logical order of sentences from among the given options.

    A. The situations in which violence occurs and the nature of that violence tends to be clearly defined at least in theory, as in the proverbial Irishman’s question ‘Is this a private fight or can anyone join in?’

    B. So the actual risk to outsiders, though no  doubt higher than our societies, is calculable.

    C. Probably the only uncontrolled applications of force are those of social superiors to social inferiors and even here there are probably some rules.

    D. However binding the obligation to kill, members of feuding families engaged in mutual massacre will be genuinely appalled if by some mischance a bystander or outsider is killed.

    (1) DABC

    (2) ACDB

    (3) CBAD

    (4) DBAC  (CAT 2001)


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    Answer: Option 2


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    Question 2

    The first and last sentences are 1 and 6, and the four in between are labelled A,B,C and D. Choose the most logical order of these four sentences from among the four given choices to construct a coherent paragraph from sentences 1 to 6.

    1. Security inks exploit the same principle that causes the vivid and constantly changing colours of a film of oil on water.

    A. When two rays of light meet each other after being reflected from these different surfaces, they have each travelled slightly different distances.

    B. The key is that the light is bouncing off two surfaces, that of the oil and that of the water layer below it.

    C. The distance the two rays travel determines which wavelengths, and hence colours, interfere constructively and look bright.

    D. Because light is an electromagnetic wave, the peaks and troughs of each ray then interfere either constructively, to appear bright, or destructively, to appear dim.

    6. Since the distance the rays travel changes with the angle as you look at the surface, different colours look bright from different viewing angles.


    (1) ABCD

    (2) BADC

    (3) BDAC

    (4) DCAB   (CAT 2000)


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    Answer: Option 2


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    Question 3

    The first and last sentences are 1 and 6, and the four in between are labelled A,B,C and D. Choose the most logical order of these four sentences from among the four given choices to construct a coherent paragraph from sentences 1 to 6.

    1. Commercially reared chicken can be unusually aggressive, and are often kept in darkened sheds to prevent them pecking at each other.

    A. The birds spent far more of their time-up to a third-pecking at the inanimate objects in the pens, in contrast to birds in other pens which spent a lot of time attacking others.

    B. In low light conditions, they behave less belligerently, but are more prone to ophthalmic disorders and respiratory problems.

    C. In an experiment, aggressive head-pecking was all but eliminated among birds in the enriched environment.

    D. Altering the birds’ environment, by adding bales of wood-shavings to their pens, can work wonders.

    6. Bales could diminish aggressiveness and reduce injuries; they might even improve productivity, since a happy chicken is a productive chicken.

    (1) DCAB

    (2) CDBA

    (3) DBAC

    (4) BDCA   (CAT 2000)


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    Answer: Option 4


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    Question 4

    The first and last sentences are 1 and 6, and the four in between are labelled A,B,C and D. Choose the most logical order of these four sentences from among the four given choices to construct a coherent paragraph from sentences 1 to 6.

    1. The concept of a ‘nation-state’ assumes a complete correspondence between the boundaries of the nation and the boundaries of those who live in a specific state.

    A. Then there are members of national collectivities who live in other countries, making a mockery of the concept.

    B. There are always people living in particular states who are not considered to be (and often do not consider themselves to be) members of the hegemonic nation.

    C. Even worse, there are nations which never had a state or which are divided across several states.

    D. This, of course, has been subject to severe criticism and is virtually everywhere a fiction.

    6. However, the fiction has been, and continues to be, at the basis of nationalist ideologies.

    (1) DBAC

    (2) ABCD

    (3) BACD

    (4) DACB  (CAT 2000)


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    Answer: Option 1


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    Question 5

    The first and last sentences are 1 and 6, and the four in between are labelled A,B,C and D. Choose the most logical order of these four sentences from among the four given choices to construct a coherent paragraph from sentences 1 to 6.

    1. In the sciences, even questionable examples of research fraud are harshly punished.

    A. But no such mechanism exists in the humanities-much of what humanities researchers call, research does not lead to results that are replicable by other scholars.

    B. Given the importance of interpretation in historical and literary scholarship, humanities researchers are in a position where they can explain away deliberate and even systematic distortion.

    C. Mere suspicion is enough for funding to be cut off; publicity guarantees that careers can be effectively ended.

    D. Forgeries which take the form of pastiches in which the forger intersperses fake and real parts can be defended as mere mistakes or aberrant misreading.

    6. Scientists fudging data have no such defences.

    (1) BDCA

    (2) ABDC

    (3) CABD

    (4) CDBA      (CAT 2000)


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    Answer: Option 3


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    Question 6

    The first and last sentences are 1 and 6, and the four in between are labelled A,B,C and D. Choose the most logical order of these four sentences from among the four given choices to construct a coherent paragraph from sentences 1 to 6.

    1. Horses and communism were, on the whole, a poor match.

    A. Fine horses bespoke the nobility the party was supposed to despise.

    B. Communist leaders, when they visited villages, preferred to see cows and pigs.

    C. Although a working horse was just about tolerable, the communists were right to be wary.

    D. Peasants from Poland to the Hungarian Pustza preferred their horses to party dogma.

    6. ‘A farmer's pride is his horse; his cow may be thin but his horse must be fat,’ went a Slovak  saying.

    (1) ACDB

    (2) DBCA

    (3) ABCD

    (4) DCBA      (CAT 2000)


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    Answer: Option 3


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    Question 7

    Choose the most logical order of sentences from among the given options.

    A. If caught in the act, they were punished, not for the crime, but for allowing themselves to be caught another lash of the whip.

    B. The bellicose Spartans sacrificed all the finer things in life for military expertise.

    C. Those fortunate enough to survive babyhood were taken away from their mothers at the age of seven to undergo rigorous military training.

    D. This consisted mainly of beatings and deprivations of all kinds like going around barefoot in winter, and worse, starvation so that they would be forced to steal food to survive.

    E. Male children were examined at birth by the city council and those deemed too weak to become soldiers were left to die of exposure.

    (1) BECDA

    (2) ECADB

    (3) BCDAE

    (4) ECDAB    (CAT 2000)


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    Answer: Option 1


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    Question 8

    Choose the most logical order of sentences from among the given options.

    A. This very insatiability of the photographing eye changes the terms of confinement in the cave, our world.

    B. Humankind lingers unregenerately in Plato’s cave, still revelling its age-old habit, in mere images of truth.

    C. But being educated by photographs is not like being educated by older images drawn by hand; for one thing, there are a great many more images around, claiming our attention.

    D. The inventory started in 1839 and since then just about everything has been photographed, or so it seems.

    E. In teaching us a new visual code, photographs alter and enlarge our notions of what is worth looking at and what we have a right to observe.

    (1) EABCD

    (2) BDEAC

    (3) BCDAE

    (4) ECDAB   (CAT 2000)


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    Answer: Option 3


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    Question 9

    Choose the most logical order of sentences from among the given options.

    A. To be culturally literate is to possess the basic information needed to thrive in the modern world.

    B. Nor is it confined to one social class; quite the contrary.

    C. It is by no means confined to “culture” narrowly understood as an acquaintance with the arts.

    D. Cultural literacy constitutes the only sure avenue of opportunity for disadvantaged children, the only reliable way of combating the social determinism that now condemns them.

    E. The breadth of that information is great, extending over the major domains of human activity from sports to science.

    (1) AECBD

    (2) DECBA

    (3) ACBED

    (4) DBCAE   (CAT 2000)


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    Answer: Option 1


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    Question 10

    Choose the most logical order of sentences from among the given options.

    A. Both parties use capital and labour in the struggle to secure property rights.

    B. The thief spends time and money in his attempt to steal (he buys wire cutters) and the legitimate property owner expends resources to prevent the theft (he buys locks).

    C. A social cost of theft is that both the thief and the potential victim use resources to gain or maintain control over property.

    D. These costs may escalate as a type of technological arms race unfolds.

    E. A bank may purchase more and more complicated and sophisticated safes, forcing safecrackers to invest further in safecracking equipment.

    (1) ABCDE

    (2) CABDE

    (3) ACBED

    (4) CBEDA   (CAT 2000)


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