Critical Reasoning Previous Year Questions (CAT) - Set 0005


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    Previous years`s CAT questions: Critical Reasoning

    Post your solutions as reply to respective questions below.


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    Question 1

    Choose the most logical order of sentences from among the options.

    A. Call it the third wave sweeping the Indian media.

    B. Now, they are starring in a new role, as suave dealmakers who are in a hurry to strike alliances and agreements.

    C. Look around and you will find a host of deals that have been inked or are ready to be finalized.

    D. Then the media barons wrested back control from their editors, and turned marketing warriors with the brand as their missile.

    Choose the most logical order of sentences from among the options.

    A. Call it the third wave sweeping the Indian media.

    B. Now, they are starring in a new role, as suave dealmakers who are in a hurry to strike alliances and agreements.

    C. Look around and you will find a host of deals that have been inked or are ready to be finalized.

    D. Then the media barons wrested back control from their editors, and turned marketing warriors with the brand as their missile.

    E. The first came with those magnificent men in their mahogany chambers who took on the world with their mighty fountain pens.  

    (1) ACBED

    (2) CEBDA

    (3) CAEBD

    (4) AEDBC  (CAT 2003 Retest)


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    Answer: Option 4


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    Question 2

    Choose the most logical order of sentences from among the options.

    A. The celebrations of economic recovery in Washington may be as premature as that "Mission Accomplished" banner hung on the USS Abraham Lincoln to hail the end of the Iraq war.

    B. Meanwhile, in the real world, the struggles of families and communities continue unabated.

    C. Washington responded to the favourable turn in economic news with enthusiasm.

    Choose the most logical order of sentences from among the options.

    A. The celebrations of economic recovery in Washington may be as premature as that "Mission Accomplished" banner hung on the USS Abraham Lincoln to hail the end of the Iraq war.

    B. Meanwhile, in the real world, the struggles of families and communities continue unabated.

    C. Washington responded to the favourable turn in economic news with enthusiasm.

    D. The celebrations and high-fives up and down Pennsylvania Avenue are not to be found beyond the Beltway.

    E. When the third quarter GDP showed growth of 7.2% and the monthly unemployment rate dipped to 6%, euphoria gripped the US capital. 

    (1) ACEDB

    (2) CEDAB

    (3) ECABD

    (4) ECBDA  (CAT 2003 Retest)


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    Answer: Option 4


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    Question 3

    Choose the option that best captures the essence of the paragraph.

    Choose the option that best captures the essence of the paragraph.

    Some decisions will be fairly obvious- “nobrainers.” Your bank account is low, but you have a two-week vacation coming up and you want to get away to some place warm to relax with your family. Will you accept your in-laws’ offer of free use of their Florida beachfront condo? Sure. You like your employer and feel ready to move forward in your career. Will you step in for your boss for three weeks while she attends a professional development course? Of course. 

    A. Some decisions are obvious under certain circumstances. You may, for example, readily accept a relative’s offer of free holiday accommodation. Or step in for your boss when she is away.

    B. Some decisions are no-brainers. You need not think when making them. Examples are condo offers from in-laws and job offers from bosses when your bank account is low or boss is away.

    C. Easy decisions are called “no-brainers” because they do not require any cerebral activity. Examples such as accepting free holiday accommodation abound in our lives.

    D. Accepting an offer from in-laws when you are short on funds and want a holiday is a nobrainer. Another no-brainer is taking the boss’s job when she is away.

    (1) A

    (2) B

    (3) C

    (4) D  (CAT 2003 Retest)


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    Answer: Option 1


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    Question 4

    Choose the option that best captures the essence of the paragraph.

    Choose the option that best captures the essence of the paragraph.

    Physically, inertia is a feeling that you just can’t move; mentally, it is a sluggish mind. Even if you try to be sensitive, if your mind is sluggish, you just don’t feel anything intensely. You may even see a tragedy enacted in front of your eyes and not be able to respond meaningfully. You may see one person exploiting another, one group persecuting another, and not be able to get angry. Your energy is frozen. You are not deliberately refusing to act; you just don’t have the capacity.

    A. Inertia makes your body and mind sluggish. They become insensitive to tragedies, exploitation, and persecution because it freezes your energy and de-capacitates it.

    B. When you have inertia you don’t act although you see one person exploiting another or one group persecuting another. You don't get angry because you are incapable.

    C. Inertia is of two types– physical and mental. Physical inertia restricts bodily movements.

    Mental inertia prevents mental response to events enacted in front of your eyes.

    D. Physical inertia stops your body from moving; mental inertia freezes your energy, and stops your mind from responding meaningfully to events, even tragedies, in front of you.  

    (1) A

    (2) B

    (3) C

    (4) D   (CAT 2003 Retest)


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    Answer: Option 4


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    Question 5

    Choose the option that best captures the essence of the paragraph.

    Choose the option that best captures the essence of the paragraph.

    Try before you buy. We use this memorable saying to urge you to experience the consequences of an alternative before you choose it, whenever this is feasible. If you are considering buying a van after having always owned sedans, rent one for a week or borrow a friend’s. By experiencing the consequences first hand, they become more meaningful. In addition, you are likely to identify consequences you had not even thought of before. May be you will discover that it is difficult to park the van in your small parking space at work, but that, on the other hand, your elderly father has a much easier time getting in and out of it.

    A. If you are planning to buy a van after being used to sedans, borrow a van or rent it and try it before deciding to buy it. Then you may realize that parking a van is difficult while it is easier for your elderly father to get in and out of it.

    B. Before choosing an alternative, experience its consequences if feasible. If, for example, you want to change from sedans to a van, try one before buying it. You will discover aspects you may never have thought of.

    C. Always try before you buy anything. You are bound to discover many consequences. One of the consequences of going in for a van is that it is more difficult to park than sedans at the office car park.

    D. We urge you to try products such as vans before buying them. Then you can experience consequences you have not thought of such as parking problems. But your father may find vans more comfortable than cars. 

    (1) A

    (2) B

    (3) C

    (4) D   (CAT 2003 Retest)


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    Answer: Option 2


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    Question 6

    Choose the option that best captures the essence of the paragraph.

    Choose the option that best captures the essence of the paragraph.

    It is important for shipping companies to be clear about the objectives for maintenance and materials management– as to whether the primary focus is on service level improvement or cost minimization. Often when certain systems are set in place, the cost minimization objective and associated procedure become more important than the flexibility required for service level improvement. The problem really arises since cost minimization tends to focus on out of pocket costs which are visible, while the opportunity costs, often greater in value, are lost sight of.

    A. Shipping companies have to either minimize costs or maximize service quality. If they focus on cost minimization, they will reduce quality. They should focus on service level improvement, or else opportunity costs will be lost sight of.

    B. Shipping companies should determine the primary focus of their maintenance and materials management. Focus on cost minimization may reduce visible costs, but ignore greater invisible costs and impair service quality.

    C. Any cost minimization program in shipping is bound to lower the quality of service. Therefore, shipping companies must be clear about the primary focus of their maintenance and materials management before embarking on cost minimization.

    D. Shipping companies should focus on quality level improvement rather than cost cutting. Cost cutting will lead to untold opportunity costs. Companies should have systems in place to make the service level flexible.  

    (1) A

    (2) B

    (3) C

    (4) D   (CAT 2003 Retest)


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    Answer: Option 2


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    Question 7

    Choose the most logical order of sentences from among the options.

    A. A few months ago I went to Princeton University to see what the young people who are going to be running our country in a few decades are like.

    B. I would go to sleep in my hotel room around midnight each night, and when I awoke, my mailbox would be full of replies sent at 1:15 a.m., 2:59 a.m., 3:23 a.m.

    Choose the most logical order of sentences from among the options.

    A. A few months ago I went to Princeton University to see what the young people who are going to be running our country in a few decades are like.

    B. I would go to sleep in my hotel room around midnight each night, and when I awoke, my mailbox would be full of replies sent at 1:15 a.m., 2:59 a.m., 3:23 a.m.

    C. One senior told me that she went to bed around two and woke up each morning at seven; she could afford that much rest because she had learned to supplement her full day of work by studying in her sleep.

    D. Faculty members gave me the names of a few dozen articulate students, and I sent them emails, inviting them out to lunch or dinner in small groups.

    E. As she was falling asleep she would recite a math problem or a paper topic to herself; she would then sometimes dream about it, and when she woke up, the problem might be solved.  

    (1) DABCE

    (2) DACEB

    (3) ADBCE

    (4) AECBD   (CAT 2003 Leaked)


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    Answer: Option 3


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    Question 8

    Choose the most logical order of sentences from among the options.

    A. Four days later, Oracle announced its own bid for PeopleSoft, and invited the firm's board to a discussion.

    B. Furious that his own plans had been endangered, PeopleSoft's boss, Craig Conway, called Oracle's offer "diabolical", and its boss, Larry Ellison, a "sociopath".

    C. In early June, PeopleSoft said that it would buy J.D. Edwards, a smaller rival.

    Choose the most logical order of sentences from among the options.

    A. Four days later, Oracle announced its own bid for PeopleSoft, and invited the firm's board to a discussion.

    B. Furious that his own plans had been endangered, PeopleSoft's boss, Craig Conway, called Oracle's offer "diabolical", and its boss, Larry Ellison, a "sociopath".

    C. In early June, PeopleSoft said that it would buy J.D. Edwards, a smaller rival.

    D. Moreover, said Mr. Conway, he "could imagine no price nor combination of price and other conditions to recommend accepting the offer."

    E. On June 12th, PeopleSoft turned Oracle down. 

    (1) CABDE

    (2) CADBE

    (3) CEDAB

    (4) CAEBD   (CAT 2003 Leaked)


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    Answer: Option 1


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    Question 9

    Choose the most logical order of sentences from among the options.

    A. I am much more intolerant of a human being's shortcomings than I am of an animal's, but in this respect I have been lucky, for most of the people I have come across have been charming.

    B. Then you come across the unpleasant human animal-the District Officer who drawled, 'We chaps are here to help you chaps,' and then proceeded to be as obstructive as possible.

    Choose the most logical order of sentences from among the options.

    A. I am much more intolerant of a human being's shortcomings than I am of an animal's, but in this respect I have been lucky, for most of the people I have come across have been charming.

    B. Then you come across the unpleasant human animal-the District Officer who drawled, 'We chaps are here to help you chaps,' and then proceeded to be as obstructive as possible.

    C. In these cases of course, the fact that you are an animal collector helps; people always seem delighted to meet someone with such an unusual occupation and go out of their way to assist you.

    D. Fortunately, these types are rare, and the pleasant ones I have met more than compensated for them-but even so, I think I will stick to animals.

    E. When you travel round the world collecting animals you also, of necessity, collect human beings. 

    (1) EACBD

    (2) ABDCE

    (3) ECBDA

    (4) ACBDE   (CAT 2003 Leaked)


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    Answer: Option 1


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    Question 10

    Choose the most logical order of sentences from among the options.

    A. Surrendered, or captured, combatants cannot be incarcerated in razor wire cages; this 'war' has a dubious legality.

    B. How can then one characterize a conflict to be waged against a phenomenon as war?

    C. The phrase 'war against terror', which has passed into the common lexicon, is a huge misnomer.

    Choose the most logical order of sentences from among the options.

    A. Surrendered, or captured, combatants cannot be incarcerated in razor wire cages; this 'war' has a dubious legality.

    B. How can then one characterize a conflict to be waged against a phenomenon as war?

    C. The phrase 'war against terror', which has passed into the common lexicon, is a huge misnomer.

    D. Besides, war has a juridical meaning in international law, which has codified the laws of war, imbuing them with a humanitarian content.

    E. Terror is a phenomenon, not an entity-either State or non-State. 

    (1) ECDBA

    (2) BECDA

    (3) EBCAD

    (4) CEBDA    (CAT 2003 Leaked)


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