Critical Reasoning Previous Year Questions (CAT) - Set 0004


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    Previous years`s CAT questions: Critical Reasoning

    Post your solutions as reply to respective questions below.


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    Question 1

    Choose the most logical order of sentences from among the four given choices to construct a coherent paragraph.

    A. But this does not mean that death was the Egyptians' only preoccupation.

    B. Even papyri come mainly from pyramid temples.

    C. Most of our traditional sources of information about the Old Kingdom are monuments of the rich like pyramids and tombs.

    Choose the most logical order of sentences from among the four given choices to construct a coherent paragraph.

    A. But this does not mean that death was the Egyptians' only preoccupation.

    B. Even papyri come mainly from pyramid temples.

    C. Most of our traditional sources of information about the Old Kingdom are monuments of the rich like pyramids and tombs.

    D. Houses in which ordinary Egyptians lived have not been preserved, and when most people died they were buried in simple graves.

    E. We know infinitely more about the wealthy people of Egypt than we do about the ordinary people, as most monuments were made for the rich.   

    (1) CDBEA

    (2) ECDAB

    (3) EDCBA

    (4) DECAB    (CAT 2004)

     


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    Answer: Option 3


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    Question 2

    Choose the option that best captures the essence of the paragraph.

    Choose the option that best captures the essence of the paragraph.

    Although almost all climate scientists agree that the Earth is gradually warming, they have long been of two minds about the process of rapid climate shifts within larger periods of change. Some have speculated that the process works like a giant oven or freezer, warming or cooling the whole planet at the same time. Others think that shifts occur on opposing schedules in the Northern and Southern Hemispheres, like exaggerated seasons. Recent research in Germany examining climate patterns in the Southern Hemisphere at the end of the last Ice Age strengthens the idea that warming and cooling occurs at alternate times in the two hemispheres. A more definitive answer to this debate will allow scientists to better predict when and how quickly the next climate shift will happen. 

    (1) Scientists have been unsure whether rapid shifts in the Earth's climate happen all at once or on opposing schedules in different hemispheres; research will help find a definitive answer and better predict climate shifts in future.

    (2) Scientists have been unsure whether rapid shifts in the Earth's climate happen all at once or on opposing schedules in different hemispheres; finding a definitive answer will help them better predict climate shifts in future.

    (3) Research in Germany will help scientists find a definitive answer about warming and cooling of the Earth and predict climate shifts in the future in a better manner.

    (4) More research rather than debates on warming or cooling of the Earth and exaggerated "seasons in its hemispheres will help scientists in Germany predict climate changes better in future.    (CAT 2004)


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    Answer: Option 2


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    Question 3

    Choose the option that best captures the essence of the paragraph.

    Choose the option that best captures the essence of the paragraph.

    Modern bourgeois society, said Nietzsche, was decadent and enfeebled - a victim of the excessive development of the rational faculties at the expense of will and instinct. Against the liberal rationalist stress on the intellect, Nietzsche urged recognition of the dark mysterious world of instinctual desires - the true forces of life. Smother the will with excessive intellectualizing and you destroy the spontaneity that sparks cultural creativity and ignites a zest for living. The critical and theoretical outlook destroyed the creative instincts. For man's manifold potential to be realized, he must forego relying on the intellect and nurture again the instinctual roots of human existence. 

    (1) Nietzsche urges the decadent and enfeebled modern society to forego intellect and give importance to creative instincts.

    (2) Nietzsche urges the decadent and enfeebled modern society to smother the will with excessive intellectualising and ignite a zest for living.

    (3) Nietzsche criticizes the intellectuals for enfeebling the modern bourgeois society by not nurturing man's creative instincts.

    (4) Nietzsche blames excessive intellectualization for the decline of modern society and suggests nurturing creative instincts instead.  (CAT 2004)


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    Answer: Option 4


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    Question 4

    Choose the option that best captures the essence of the paragraph.

    Choose the option that best captures the essence of the paragraph.

    Local communities have often come in conflict with agents trying to exploit resources, at a faster pace, for an expanding commercial-industrial economy. More often than not, such agents of resource-intensification are given preferential treatment by the state, through the grant of generous long leases over mineral or fish stocks, for example, or the provision of raw material at an enormously subsidized price. With the injustice so compounded, local communities at the receiving end of this process have no recourse except direct action, resisting both the state and outside exploiters through a variety of protest techniques. These struggles might perhaps be seen as a manifestation of a new kind of class conflict.

    (1) A new kind of class conflict arises from preferential treatment given to agents of resource-intensification by the state which the local community sees as unfair.

    (2) The grant of long leases to agents of resource-intensification for an expanding commercial-industrial economy leads to direct protests from the local community, which sees it as unfair.

    (3) Preferential treatment given by the state to agents of resource-intensification for an expanding commercial-industrial economy exacerbates injustice to local communities and leads to direct protests from them, resulting in a new type of class conflict.

    (4) Local communities have no option but to protest against agents of resource intensification and create a new type of class conflict when they are given raw material at subsidized prices for an expanding commercial-industrial economy.   (CAT 2004)


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    Answer: Option 3


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    Question 5

    Choose the most logical order of sentences from among the options.

    A. To, much of the Labour movement, it symbolises the brutality of the upper classes.

    B. And to everybody watching, the current mess over foxhunting symbolises the government’s weakness.

    C. To foxhunting’s supporters, Labour’s 1991 manifesto commitment to ban it symbolises the party’s metropolitan roots and hostility to the countryside.

    D. Small issues sometimes have large symbolic power.

    Choose the most logical order of sentences from among the options.

    A. To, much of the Labour movement, it symbolises the brutality of the upper classes.

    B. And to everybody watching, the current mess over foxhunting symbolises the government’s weakness.

    C. To foxhunting’s supporters, Labour’s 1991 manifesto commitment to ban it symbolises the party’s metropolitan roots and hostility to the countryside.

    D. Small issues sometimes have large symbolic power.

    E. To those who enjoy thundering across the countryside in red coats after foxes, foxhunting symbolises the ancient roots of rural lives.

    (1) DEACB

    (2) ECDBA

    (3) CEADB

    (4) DBAEC    (CAT 2003)


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    Answer: Option 1


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    Question 6

    Choose the most logical order of sentences from among the options.

    A. In the case of King Merolchazzar’s courtship of the Princess of the Outer Isles, there occurs a regrettable hitch.

    B. She acknowledges the gifts, but no word of a meeting date follows.

    C. The monarch, hearing good reports of a neighbouring princess, dispatches messengers with gifts to her court, beseeching an interview.

    Choose the most logical order of sentences from among the options.

    A. In the case of King Merolchazzar’s courtship of the Princess of the Outer Isles, there occurs a regrettable hitch.

    B. She acknowledges the gifts, but no word of a meeting date follows.

    C. The monarch, hearing good reports of a neighbouring princess, dispatches messengers with gifts to her court, beseeching an interview.

    D. The princess names a date, and a formal meeting takes place; after that everything buzzes along pretty smoothly.

    E. Royal love affairs in olden days were conducted on the correspondence method.

    (1) ACBDE

    (2) ABCDE

    (3) ECDAB

    (4) ECBAD   (CAT 2003 Retest)


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    Answer: Option 3


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    Question 7

    Choose the most logical order of sentences from among the options.

    A. Who can trace to its first beginnings the love of Damon for Pythias, of David for Jonathan, of Swan for Edgar?

    B. Similarly with men.

    C. There is about great friendships between man and man a certain inevitability that can only be compared with the age old association of ham and eggs.

    D. One simply feels that it is one of the things that must be so.

    Choose the most logical order of sentences from among the options.

    A. Who can trace to its first beginnings the love of Damon for Pythias, of David for Jonathan, of Swan for Edgar?

    B. Similarly with men.

    C. There is about great friendships between man and man a certain inevitability that can only be compared with the age old association of ham and eggs.

    D. One simply feels that it is one of the things that must be so.

    E. No one can say, what the mutual magnetism was that brought about the deathless partnership of these wholesome and palatable foodstuffs. 

    (1) ACBED

    (2) CEDBA

    (3) ACEBD

    (4) CEABD   (CAT 2003 Retest)


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    Answer: Option 2


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    Question 8

    Choose the most logical order of sentences from among the options.

    A. Events intervened, and in the late 1930s and 1940s, Germany suffered from "overbranding".

    B. The British used to be fascinated by the home of Romanticism.

    C. But reunification and the federal government's move to Berlin have prompted Germany to think again about its image.

    D. The first foreign package holiday was a tour of Germany organized by Thomas Cook in 1855.

    Choose the most logical order of sentences from among the options.

    A. Events intervened, and in the late 1930s and 1940s, Germany suffered from "overbranding".

    B. The British used to be fascinated by the home of Romanticism.

    C. But reunification and the federal government's move to Berlin have prompted Germany to think again about its image.

    D. The first foreign package holiday was a tour of Germany organized by Thomas Cook in 1855.

    E. Since then, Germany has been understandably nervous about promoting itself abroad. 

    (1) ACEBD

    (2) DECAB

    (3) BDAEC

    (4) DBAEC   (CAT 2003 Retest)


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    Answer: Option 4


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    Question 9

    Choose the most logical order of sentences from among the options.

    A. The wall does not simply divide Israel from a putative Palestinian state on the basis of the 1967 borders.

    B. A chilling omission from the road map is the gigantic 'separation wall' now being built in the West Bank by Israel.

    C. It is surrounded by trenches, electric wire and moats; there are watchtowers at regular intervals.

    Choose the most logical order of sentences from among the options.

    A. The wall does not simply divide Israel from a putative Palestinian state on the basis of the 1967 borders.

    B. A chilling omission from the road map is the gigantic 'separation wall' now being built in the West Bank by Israel.

    C. It is surrounded by trenches, electric wire and moats; there are watchtowers at regular intervals.

    D. It actually takes in new tracts of Palestinian land, sometimes five or six kilometres at a stretch.

    E. Almost a decade after the end of South African apartheid, this ghastly racist wall is going up with scarcely a peep from Israel's American allies who are going to pay for most of it. 

    (1) BCADE

    (2) BADCE

    (3) AEDCB

    (4) ECADB   (CAT 2003 Retest)


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    Answer: Option 2


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    Question 10

    Choose the most logical order of sentences from among the options.

    A. Luckily the tide of battle moved elsewhere after the American victory at Midway and an Australian victory over Japan at Milne Bay.

    B. It could have been no more than a delaying tactic.

    C. The Australian military, knowing the position was hopeless, planned to fall back to the south-east in the hope of defending the main cities.

    Choose the most logical order of sentences from among the options.

    A. Luckily the tide of battle moved elsewhere after the American victory at Midway and an Australian victory over Japan at Milne Bay.

    B. It could have been no more than a delaying tactic.

    C. The Australian military, knowing the position was hopeless, planned to fall back to the south-east in the hope of defending the main cities.

    D. They had captured most of the Solomon Islands and much of New Guinea, and seemed poised for an invasion.

    E. Not many people outside Australia realize how close the Japanese got. 

    (1) EDCBA

    (2) ECDAB

    (3) ADCBE

    (4) CDBAE   (CAT 2003 Retest)


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