Critical Reasoning Previous Year Questions (CAT) - Set 0003


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    Previous years`s CAT questions: Critical Reasoning

    Post your solutions as reply to respective questions below.


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    Question 1

    From the given options, choose the one that completes the paragraph in the most appropriate way.

    From the given options, choose the one that completes the paragraph in the most appropriate way.

    The audiences for crosswords and sudoku, understandably, overlap greatly, but there are differences, too. A crossword attracts a more literary person, while sudoku appeals to a keenly logical mind. Some crossword enthusiasts turn up their noses at sudoku because they feel it lacks depth. A good crossword requires vocabulary, knowledge, mental flexibility and sometimes even a sense of humor to complete. It touches numerous areas of life and provides an "Aha!" or two along the way. ________  

    (1) Sudoku, on the other hand, is just a logical exercise, each one similar to the last.

    (2) Sudoku, incidentally, is growing faster in popularity than crosswords, even among the literati.

    (3) Sudoku, on the other hand, can be attempted and enjoyed even by children.

    (4) Sudoku, however, is not exciting in any sense of the term.  (CAT 2005)


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    Answer: Option 1


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    Question 2

    From the given options, choose the one that completes the paragraph in the most appropriate way.

    Most firms consider expert individuals to be too elitist, temperamental, egocentric, and difficult to work with. Force such people to collaborate on a high- stakes project and they just might come to fisticuffs. Even the very notion of managing such a group seems unimaginable. So most organizations fall into default mode, setting up project teams of people who get along nicely. ________  

    From the given options, choose the one that completes the paragraph in the most appropriate way.

    Most firms consider expert individuals to be too elitist, temperamental, egocentric, and difficult to work with. Force such people to collaborate on a high- stakes project and they just might come to fisticuffs. Even the very notion of managing such a group seems unimaginable. So most organizations fall into default mode, setting up project teams of people who get along nicely. ________  

    (1) The result, however, is disastrous.

    (2) The result is mediocrity.

    (3) The result is creation of experts who then become elitists.

    (4) Naturally, they drive innovations.   (CAT 2005)


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    Answer: Option 2


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    Question 3

    From the given options, choose the one that completes the paragraph in the most appropriate way.

    Federer's fifth grand slam win prompted a reporter to ask whether he was the best ever. Federer is certainly not lacking in confidence, but he wasn't about to proclaim himself the best ever. "The best player of this generation, yes", he said, "But nowhere close to ever. Just look at the records that some guys have. I'm a minnow".________ 

    From the given options, choose the one that completes the paragraph in the most appropriate way.

    Federer's fifth grand slam win prompted a reporter to ask whether he was the best ever. Federer is certainly not lacking in confidence, but he wasn't about to proclaim himself the best ever. "The best player of this generation, yes", he said, "But nowhere close to ever. Just look at the records that some guys have. I'm a minnow".________ 

    (1) His win against Agassi, a genius from the previous generation, contradicts that.

    (2) Sampras, the king of an earlier generation, was as humble.

    (3) He is more than a minnow to his contemporaries.

    (4) The difference between ‘the best of this generation' and ‘the best ever' is a matter of perception.   (CAT 2005)


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    Answer: Option 3


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    Question 4

    From the given options, choose the one that completes the paragraph in the most appropriate way.

    Thus the end of knowledge and the closing of the frontier that it symbolizes is not a looming crisis at all, but merely one of many embarrassing fits of hubris in civilization's long industry. In the end, it will pass away and be forgotten. Ours is not the first generation to struggle to understand the organizational laws of the frontier, deceive itself that it has succeeded, and go to its grave having failed.   

    From the given options, choose the one that completes the paragraph in the most appropriate way.

    Thus the end of knowledge and the closing of the frontier that it symbolizes is not a looming crisis at all, but merely one of many embarrassing fits of hubris in civilization's long industry. In the end, it will pass away and be forgotten. Ours is not the first generation to struggle to understand the organizational laws of the frontier, deceive itself that it has succeeded, and go to its grave having failed.   

    (1) One would be wise to be humble.

    (2) But we might be the first generation to actually reach the frontier.

    (3) But we might be the first generation to deal with the crisis.

    (4) However, this time the success is not illusory.  (CAT 2005)


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    Answer: Option 1


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    Question 5

    Choose the most logical order of sentences from among the four given choices to construct a coherent paragraph

    A. The two neighbors never fought each other.

    B. Fights involving three male fiddler crabs have been recorded, but the status of the participants was unknown.

    C. They pushed or grappled only with the intruder.

    D. We recorded 17 cases in which a resident that was fighting an intruder was joined by an immediate neighbor, an ally.

    Choose the most logical order of sentences from among the four given choices to construct a coherent paragraph

    A. The two neighbors never fought each other.

    B. Fights involving three male fiddler crabs have been recorded, but the status of the participants was unknown.

    C. They pushed or grappled only with the intruder.

    D. We recorded 17 cases in which a resident that was fighting an intruder was joined by an immediate neighbor, an ally.

    E. We therefore traced 268 intruder males until we saw them fighting a resident male. 

    (1) BEDAC

    (2) DEBAC

    (3) BDCAE

    (4) BCEDA  (CAT 2004)


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    Answer: Option 1


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    Question 6

    Choose the most logical order of sentences from among the four given choices to construct a coherent paragraph

    A. He felt justified in bypassing Congress altogether on a variety of moves.

    B. At times he was fighting the entire Congress.

    C. Bush felt he had a mission to restore power to the presidency.

    D. Bush was not fighting just the democrats.

    Choose the most logical order of sentences from among the four given choices to construct a coherent paragraph

    A. He felt justified in bypassing Congress altogether on a variety of moves.

    B. At times he was fighting the entire Congress.

    C. Bush felt he had a mission to restore power to the presidency.

    D. Bush was not fighting just the democrats.

    E. Representative democracy is a messy business, and a CEO of the White House does not like a legislature of second guessers and time wasters. 

    (1) CAEDB

    (2) DBAEC

    (3) CEADB

    (4) ECDBA    (CAT 2004)


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    Answer: Option 4


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    Question 7

    Choose the most logical order of sentences from among the four given choices to construct a coherent paragraph

    A. In the west, Allied Forces had fought their way through southern Italy as far as Rome.

    B. In June 1944 Germany's military position in World War Two appeared hopeless.

    C. In Britain, the task of amassing the men and materials for the liberation of northern

    Europe had been completed.

    Choose the most logical order of sentences from among the four given choices to construct a coherent paragraph

    A. In the west, Allied Forces had fought their way through southern Italy as far as Rome.

    B. In June 1944 Germany's military position in World War Two appeared hopeless.

    C. In Britain, the task of amassing the men and materials for the liberation of northern

    Europe had been completed.

    D. The Red Army was poised to drive the Nazis back through Poland.

    E. The situation on the eastern front was catastrophic. 

    (1) EDACB

    (2) BEDAC

    (3) BDECA

    (4) CEDAB    (CAT 2004)


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    Answer: Option 2


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    Question 8

    Choose the option that best captures the essence of the paragraph.

    Choose the option that best captures the essence of the paragraph.

    You seemed at first to take no notice of your school-fellows, or rather to set yourself against them because they were strangers to you. They knew as little of you as you did of them; this would have been the reason for their keeping aloof from you as well, which you would have felt as a hardship. Learn never to conceive a prejudice against others because you know nothing of them. It is bad reasoning, and makes enemies of half the world. Do not think ill of them till they behave ill to you; and then strive to avoid the faults which you see in them. This will disarm their hostility sooner than pique or resentment or complaint. 

    (1) The discomfort you felt with your school fellows was because both sides knew little of each other. You should not complain unless you find others prejudiced against you and have attempted to carefully analyse the faults you have observed in them.

    (2) The discomfort you felt with your school fellows was because both sides knew little of each other. Avoid prejudice and negative thoughts till you encounter bad behaviour from others, and then win them over by shunning the faults you have observed.

    (3) You encountered hardship amongst your school fellows because you did not know them well. You should learn to not make enemies because of your prejudices irrespective of their behaviour towards you.

    (4) You encountered hardship amongst your school fellows because you did not know them well. You should learn to not make enemies because of your prejudices unless they behave badly with you.   (CAT 2004)


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    Answer: Option 2


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    Question 9

    Choose the option that best captures the essence of the paragraph.

    Choose the option that best captures the essence of the paragraph.

    Choose the option that best captures the essence of the paragraph.

    Choose the option that best captures the essence of the paragraph.

    The human race is spread all over the world, from the polar regions to the tropics. The people of whom it is made up eat different kinds of food, partly according to the climate in which they live, and partly according to the kind of food which their country produces. In hot climates, meat and fat are not much needed; but in the Arctic regions they seem to be very necessary for keeping up the heat of the body. Thus, in India, people live chiefly on different kinds of grains, eggs, milk, or sometimes fish and meat. In Europe, people eat more meat and less grain. In the Arctic regions, where no grains and fruits are produced, the Eskimo and other races live almost entirely on meat and fish. 

    (1) Food eaten by people in different regions of the world depends on the climate and the produce of that region, and varies from meat and fish in the Arctic to predominantly grains in the tropics.

    (2) Hot climates require people to eat grains while cold regions require people to eat meat and fish.

    (3) In hot countries people eat mainly grains while in the Arctic, they eat meat and fish because they cannot grow grains.

    (4) While people in Arctic regions like meat and fish and those in hot regions like India prefer mainly grains, they have to change what they eat depending on the local climate and the local produce.  

    (CAT 2004)


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    Answer: Option 1


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    Question 10

    Choose the most logical order of sentences from among the four given choices to construct a coherent paragraph.

    A. Experts such as Larry Burns, head of research at GM, reckon that only such a full hearted leap will allow the world to cope with the mass motorisation that will one day come to China or India.

    Choose the most logical order of sentences from among the four given choices to construct a coherent paragraph.

    A. Experts such as Larry Burns, head of research at GM, reckon that only such a full hearted leap will allow the world to cope with the mass motorisation that will one day come to China or India.

    B. But once hydrogen is being produced from biomass or extracted from underground coal or made from water, using nuclear or renewable electricity, the way will be open for a huge reduction in carbon emissions from the whole system.

    C. In theory, once all the bugs have been sorted out, fuel cells should deliver better total fuel economy than any existing engines.

    D. That is twice as good as the internal combustion engine, but only five percentage points better than a diesel hybrid.

    E. Allowing for the resources needed to extract hydrogen from hydrocarbon, oil, coal or gas, the fuel cell has an efficiency of 30%. 

    (1) CEDBA

    (2) CEBDA

    (3) AEDBC

    (4) ACEBD   (CAT 2004)


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