Critical Reasoning Previous Year Questions (CAT) - Set 0002


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    Previous years`s CAT questions: Critical Reasoning

    Post your solutions as reply to respective questions below.


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    Question 1

    The sentence/ paragraph labelled A is in its correct place. The four that follow are labelled B, C, D and E, and need to be arranged in the logical order to form a coherent paragraph/passage. From the given options, choose the most appropriate option.

    A. I had six thousand acres of land, and had thus got much spare land besides the coffee plantation. Part of the farm was native forest, and about one thousand acres were squatters' land, what [the Kikuyu] called their shambas.

    The sentence/ paragraph labelled A is in its correct place. The four that follow are labelled B, C, D and E, and need to be arranged in the logical order to form a coherent paragraph/passage. From the given options, choose the most appropriate option.

    A. I had six thousand acres of land, and had thus got much spare land besides the coffee plantation. Part of the farm was native forest, and about one thousand acres were squatters' land, what [the Kikuyu] called their shambas.

    B. The squatters' land was more intensely alive than the rest of the farm, and was changing with the seasons the year round. The maize grew up higher than your head as you walked on the narrow hard-trampled footpaths in between the tall green rustling regiments.

    C. The squatters are Natives, who with their families hold a few acres on a white man's farm, and in return have to work for him a certain number of days in the year. My squatters, I think, saw the relationship in a different light, for many of them were born on the farm, and their fathers before them, and they very likely regarded me as a sort of superior squatter on their estates.

    D. The Kikuyu also grew the sweet potatoes that have a vine like leaf and spread over the ground like a dense entangled mat, and many varieties of big yellow and green speckled pumpkins.

    E. The beans ripened in the fields, were gathered and thrashed by the women, and the maize stalk and coffee pods were collected and burned, so that in certain seasons thin blue columns of smoke rose here and there all over the farm.  (CAT 2007)

    (1) CBDE

    (2) BCDE

    (3) CBED

    (4) DBCE

    (5) EDBC

     

     


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    Answer: Option 3


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    Question 2

    A. Facts, which deal with the pieces of information that one has heard, seen or read, and which are open to discovery or verification (the answer option indicates such a statement with an ‘F’)

    B. Inferences, which are conclusions drawn about the unknown, on the basis of the known (the answer option indicates such a statement with an ‘I’)

    A. Facts, which deal with the pieces of information that one has heard, seen or read, and which are open to discovery or verification (the answer option indicates such a statement with an ‘F’)

    B. Inferences, which are conclusions drawn about the unknown, on the basis of the known (the answer option indicates such a statement with an ‘I’)

    C. Judgements, which are opinions that imply approval or disapproval of persons, objects, situations and occurrences in the past, the present or the future (the answer option indicates such a statement with a ‘J’)

    Select the answer option that best describes the set of statements.

    1. So much of our day-to-day focus seems to be on getting things done, trudging our way through the tasks of living - it can feel like a treadmill that gets you nowhere; where is the childlike joy?

    2. We are not doing the things that make us happy; that which brings us joy; the things that we cannot wait to do because we enjoy them so much.

    3. This is the stuff that joyful living is made of – identifying your calling and committing yourself wholeheartedly to it.

    4. When this happens, each moment becomes a celebration of you; there is a rush of energy that comes with feeling completely immersed in doing what you love most.                  

    (1) IIIJ

    (2) IFIJ

    (3) JFJJ

    (4) JJJJ

    (5) JFII        (CAT 2006)

     

     


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    Answer: Option 4


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    Question 3

    A. Facts, which deal with the pieces of information that one has heard, seen or read, and which are open to discovery or verification (the answer option indicates such a statement with an ‘F’)

    B. Inferences, which are conclusions drawn about the unknown, on the basis of the known (the answer option indicates such a statement with an ‘I’)

    A. Facts, which deal with the pieces of information that one has heard, seen or read, and which are open to discovery or verification (the answer option indicates such a statement with an ‘F’)

    B. Inferences, which are conclusions drawn about the unknown, on the basis of the known (the answer option indicates such a statement with an ‘I’)

    C. Judgements, which are opinions that imply approval or disapproval of persons, objects, situations and occurrences in the past, the present or the future (the answer option indicates such a statement with a ‘J’)

    Select the answer option that best describes the set of statements.

    1. Given the poor quality of service in the public sector, the HIV/AIDS affected should be switching to private initiatives that supply anti-retroviral drugs (ARVs) at a low cost.

    2. The government has been supplying free drugs since 2004, and 35000 have benefited up to now - though the size of the affected population is 150 times this number.

    3. The recent initiatives of networks and companies like AIDSCare Network, Emcure, Reliance-Cipla-CII, would lead to availability of much-needed drugs to a larger number of affected people.

    4. But how ironic it is that we should face a perennial shortage of drugs when India is one of the world‘s largest suppliers of generic drugs to the developing world.   

    (1) JFIJ

    (2) JIIJ

    (3) IFIJ

    (4) IFFJ

    (5) JFII   (CAT 2006)


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    Answer: Option 1


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    Question 4

    A. Facts, which deal with the pieces of information that one has heard, seen or read, and which are open to discovery or verification (the answer option indicates such a statement with an ‘F’)

    B. Inferences, which are conclusions drawn about the unknown, on the basis of the known (the answer option indicates such a statement with an ‘I’)

    A. Facts, which deal with the pieces of information that one has heard, seen or read, and which are open to discovery or verification (the answer option indicates such a statement with an ‘F’)

    B. Inferences, which are conclusions drawn about the unknown, on the basis of the known (the answer option indicates such a statement with an ‘I’)

    C. Judgements, which are opinions that imply approval or disapproval of persons, objects, situations and occurrences in the past, the present or the future (the answer option indicates such a statement with a ‘J’)

    Select the answer option that best describes the set of statements.

    1. According to all statistical indications, the Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan has managed to keep pace with its ambitious goals.

    2. The Mid-day Meal Scheme has been a significant incentive for the poor to send their little ones to school, thus establishing the vital link between healthy bodies and healthy minds.

    3. Only about 13 million children in the age group of 6 to 14 years are out of school.

    4. The goal of universalisation of elementary education has to be a pre-requisite for the evolution and development of our country. 

    (1) IIFJ

    (2) JIIJ

    (3) IJFJ

    (4) IJFI

    (5) JIFI    (CAT 2006)


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    Answer: Option 3


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    Question 5

    A. Facts, which deal with the pieces of information that one has heard, seen or read, and which are open to discovery or verification (the answer option indicates such a statement with an ‘F’)

    B. Inferences, which are conclusions drawn about the unknown, on the basis of the known (the answer option indicates such a statement with an ‘I’)

    A. Facts, which deal with the pieces of information that one has heard, seen or read, and which are open to discovery or verification (the answer option indicates such a statement with an ‘F’)

    B. Inferences, which are conclusions drawn about the unknown, on the basis of the known (the answer option indicates such a statement with an ‘I’)

    C. Judgements, which are opinions that imply approval or disapproval of persons, objects, situations and occurrences in the past, the present or the future (the answer option indicates such a statement with a ‘J’)

    Select the answer option that best describes the set of statements.

    1. We should not be hopelessly addicted to an erroneous belief that corruption in India is caused by the crookedness of Indians.

    2. The truth is that we have more red tape - we take eighty-nine days to start a small business, Australians take two.

    3. Red tape leads to corruption and distorts a people‘s character.

    4. Every red tape procedure is a point of contact with an official, and such contacts have the potential to become opportunities for money to change hands. 

    (1) JFIF

    (2) JFJJ

    (3) JIJF

    (4) IFJF

    (5) JFJI     (CAT 2006)


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    Answer: Option 5


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    Question 6

    From the given options, choose the one that completes the paragraph in the most appropriate way.

    From the given options, choose the one that completes the paragraph in the most appropriate way.

    I am sometimes attacked for imposing 'rules‘. Nothing could be further from the truth. I hate rules. All I do is report on how consumers react to different stimuli. I may say to a copywriter, “Research shows that commercials with celebrities are below average in persuading people to buy products. Are you sure you want to use a celebrity?” Call that a rule? Or I may say to an art director, “Research suggests that if you set the copy in black type on a white background, more people will read it than if you set it in white type on a black background.” 

    (1) Guidance based on applied research can hardly qualify as ‘rules’.

    (2) Thus, all my so called ‘rules’ are rooted in applied research.

    (3) A suggestion perhaps, but scarcely a rule.

    (4) Such principles are unavoidable if one wants to be systematic about consumer behaviour.

    (5) Fundamentally it is about consumer behaviour - not about celebrities or type settings. 

    (CAT 2006)

     


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    Answer: Option 3


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    Question 7

    From the given options, choose the one that completes the paragraph in the most appropriate way.

    From the given options, choose the one that completes the paragraph in the most appropriate way.

    Relations between the factory and the dealer are distant and usually strained as the factory tries to force cars on the dealers to smooth out production. Relations between the dealer and the customer are equally strained because dealers continuously adjust prices - make deals - to adjust demand with supply while maximizing profits. This becomes a system marked by a lack of long-term commitment on either side, which maximize feelings of mistrust. In order to maximize their bargaining positions, everyone holds back information - the dealer about the product and the consumer about his true desires.  

    (1) As a result, ‘deal making’ becomes rampant, without concern for customer satisfaction.

    (2) As a result, inefficiencies creep into the supply chain.

    (3) As a result, everyone treats the other as an adversary, rather than as an ally.

    (4) As a result, fundamental innovations are becoming scarce in the automobile industry.

    (5) As a result, everyone loses in the long run.   (CAT 2006)

     

     


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    Answer: Option 5


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    Question 8

    From the given options, choose the one that completes the paragraph in the most appropriate way.

    In the evolving world order, the comparative advantage of the United States lies in its military force. Diplomacy and international law have always been regarded as annoying encumbrances, unless they can be used to advantage against an enemy. Every active player in world affairs professes to seek only peace and to prefer negotiation to violence and coercion. 

    From the given options, choose the one that completes the paragraph in the most appropriate way.

    In the evolving world order, the comparative advantage of the United States lies in its military force. Diplomacy and international law have always been regarded as annoying encumbrances, unless they can be used to advantage against an enemy. Every active player in world affairs professes to seek only peace and to prefer negotiation to violence and coercion. 

    (1) However, diplomacy has often been used as a mask by nations which intended to use force.

    (2) However, when the veil is lifted, we commonly see that diplomacy is understood as a disguise for the rule of force.

    (3) However, history has shown that many of these nations do not practice what they profess.

    (4) However, history tells us that peace is professed by those who intend to use violence.

    (5) However, when unmasked, such nations reveal a penchant for the use of force.

    (CAT 2006)


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    Answer: Option 2


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    Question 9

    From the given options, choose the one that completes the paragraph in the most appropriate way.

    From the given options, choose the one that completes the paragraph in the most appropriate way.

    Age has a curvilinear relationship with the exploitation of opportunity. Initially, age will increase the likelihood that a person will exploit an entrepreneurial opportunity because people gather much of the knowledge necessary to exploit opportunities over the course of their lives, and because age provides credibility in transmitting that information to others. However, as people become older, their willingness to bear risks declines, their opportunity costs rise, and they become less receptive to new information.  

    (1) As a result, people transmit more information rather than experiment with new ideas as they reach an advanced age.

    (2) As a result, people are reluctant to experiment with new ideas as they reach an advanced age.

    (3) As a result, only people with lower opportunity costs exploit opportunity when they reach an advanced age.

    (4) As a result, people become reluctant to exploit entrepreneurial opportunities when they reach an advanced age.

    (5) As a result, people depend on credibility rather than on novelty as they reach an advanced age.   (CAT 2006)


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    Answer: Option 4


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    Question 10

    From the given options, choose the one that completes the paragraph in the most appropriate way.

    From the given options, choose the one that completes the paragraph in the most appropriate way.

    We can usefully think of theoretical models as maps, which help us navigate unfamiliar territory. The most accurate map that it is possible to construct would be of no practical use whatsoever, for it would be an exact replica, on exactly the same scale, of the place where we were. Good maps pull out the most important features and throw away a huge amount of much less valuable information. Of course, maps can be bad as well as good - witness the attempts by medieval Europe to produce a map of the world. In the same way, a bad theory, no matter how impressive it may seem in principle, does little or nothing to help us understand a problem.  

    (1) But good theories, just like good maps, are invaluable, even if they are simplified.

    (2) But good theories, just like good maps, will never represent unfamiliar concepts in detail.

    (3) But good theories, just like good maps, need to balance detail and feasibility of representation.

    (4) But good theories, just like good maps, are accurate only at a certain level of abstraction.

    (5) But good theories, just like good maps, are useful in the hands of a user who knows their limitations.   (CAT 2006)


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