Critical Reasoning Previous Year Questions (CAT) - Set 0001


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    Answer: Option 5


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    Question 6

    From the given options, choose the sentence that completes the paragraph in the most appropriate way.

    Nevertheless, photographs still retain some of the magical allure that the earliest daguerreotypes inspired. As objects, our photographs have changed; they have become physically flimsier as they have become more technologically sophisticated. Daguerre produced pictures on copper plates; today many of our photographs never become tangible thins, but instead remain filed away on computers and cameras, part of the digital ether that envelops the modern world. At the same time, our patience for the creation of images has also eroded. Children today are used to being tracked from birth by digital cameras and video recorders and they expect to see the results of their poses and performances instantly. The space between life as it is being lived and life as it is being displayed shrinks to a mere second. 

    (1) Yet, despite these technical developments, photographs still remain powerful because they are reminders of the people and things we care about.

    (2) Images, after all, are surrogates carried into battle by a soldier or by a traveller on holiday.

    (3) Photographs, be they digital or traditional, exist to remind us of the absent, the beloved, and the dead.

    (4) In the new era of the digital image, the images also have a greater potential for fostering falsehood and trickery, perpetuating fictions that seem so real we cannot tell the difference.

    (5) Anyway, human nature being what it is, little time has passed after photography’s inventions became means of living life through images.

    (CAT 2007)


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    Answer: Option 1


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    Question 7

    From the given options, choose the sentence that completes the paragraph in the most appropriate way.

    Mma Ramotswe had a detective agency in Africa, at the foot of Kgale Hill. These were its assets; a tiny white van, two desks, two chairs, a telephone, and an old typewriter. Then there was a teapot, in which Mma Ramotswe - the only private lady detective in Botswana - brewed red bush tea. And three mugs - one for herself, one for her secretary and one for the client. What else does a detective agency really need? Detective agencies rely on human intuition and intelligence, both of which Mma Ramotswe had in abundance.   

    (1) But there was also the view, which again would appear on no inventory.

    (2) No inventory would ever include those, of course.

    (3) She had an intelligent secretary too.

    (4) She was a good detective and a good woman.

    (5) What she lacked in possessions was more than made up by a natural shrewdness.  

    (CAT 2007)


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    Answer: Option 2


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    Question 8

    The sentence/ paragraph labelled A is in its correct place. The four that follow are labelled B, C, D and E, and need to be arranged in the logical order to form a coherent paragraph/passage. From the given options, choose the most appropriate option.

    A. In America, highly educated women, who are in stronger position in the labour market than less qualified ones, have higher rates of marriage than other groups.

    B. Some work supports the Becker thesis, and some appears to contradict it.

    C. And, as with crime, it is equally inconclusive.

    D. But regardless of the conclusion of any particular piece of work, it is hard to establish convincing connections between family changes and economic factors using conventional approaches.

    E. Indeed, just as with crime, an enormous academic literature exists on the validity of the pure economic approach to the evolution of family structures.

    (1) BCDE

    (2) DBEC

    (3) BDCE

    (4) ECBD

    (5) EBCD

    (CAT 2007)


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    Answer: Option 4


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    Question 9

    The sentence/ paragraph labelled A is in its correct place. The four that follow are labelled B, C, D and E, and need to be arranged in the logical order to form a coherent paragraph/passage. From the given options, choose the most appropriate option.

    A. Personal experience of mothering and motherhood are largely framed in relation to two discernible or “official” discourses: the “medical discourse and natural childbirth discourse”. Both of these tend to focus on the “optimistic stories” of birth and mothering and underpin stereotypes of the “godmother”.

    B. At the same time, the need for medical expert guidance is also a feature for contemporary reproduction and motherhood. But constructions of good mothering have not always been so conceived - and in different contexts may exist in parallel to other equally dominant discourses.

    C. Similarly, historical work has shown how what are now taken-for-granted aspects of reproduction and mothering practices result from contemporary “pseudoscientific directives” and “managed constructs”. These changes have led to a reframing of modern discourses that pattern pregnancy and motherhood leading to an acceptance of the need for greater expert management.

    D. The contrasting, overlapping and ambiguous strands within these frameworks focus to varying degrees on a woman’s biological tie to her child and predisposition to instinctively know and be able to care for her child.

    E. In addition, a third, “unofficial popular discourse” comprising “old wives” tales and based on maternal experiences of childbirth has also been noted. These discourses have also been acknowledged in work exploring the experiences of those who apparently do not “conform” to conventional stereotypes of the “good mother”  

    (1) EDBC

    (2) BCED

    (3) DBCE

    (4) EDCB

    (5) BCDE

    (CAT 2007)


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    Answer: Option 1


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    Question 10

    The sentence/ paragraph labelled A is in its correct place. The four that follow are labelled B, C, D and E, and need to be arranged in the logical order to form a coherent paragraph/passage. From the given options, choose the most appropriate option.

    A. Indonesia has experienced dramatic shifts in its formal governance arrangements since the fall of President Soeharto and the close of his centralized, authoritarian "New Order" regime in 1997.

    B. The political system has taken its place in the nearly 10 years since Reformasi began. It has featured the active contest for political office among a proliferation of parties at central, provincial and district levels; direct elections for the presidency (since 2004); and radical changes in centre-local government relations towards administrative, fiscal, and political decentralization.

    C. The mass media, once tidily under Soeharto's thumb, has experienced significant liberalization as has the legal basis for non-governmental organizations, including many dedicated to such controversial issues as corruption control and human rights.

    D. Such developments are seen optimistically by a number of donors and some external analysts, who interpret them as signs of Indonesia's political normalization.

    E. A different group of analysts paint a picture in which the institutional forms have changed, but power relations have not. Vedi Hadiz argues that Indonesia's "democratic transition" has been anything but linear.          

    (1) BDEC

    (2) CBDE

    (3) CEBD

    (4) DEBC

    (5) BCDE

    (CAT 2007)


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    Answer: Option 5


 

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