Vocabulary previous years questions (CAT) - Set 0004


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    Previous years`s CAT questions: Vocabulary

    Post your solutions as reply to respective questions below.


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    Question 1

    Fill the gaps in the passage below with the most appropriate word from the options given for each gap. The right words are the ones used by the author. Be guided by the author's overall style and meaning when you choose the answers.

    Von Neumann and Morgenstern assume a decision framework in which all options are thoroughly considered, each option being independent of the others, with a numerical value derived for the utility of each possible outcome (these outcomes reflecting, in turn, all possible combinations of choices). The decision is then made to maximize the expected utility.

    ___(1)_____ such a model reflects major simplifications of the way decisions are made in the real world. Humans are not to process information as quickly and effectively as the model assumes; they tend not to think ___(2)_____ as easily as the model calls for; they often deal with a particular option without really assessing its ___(3)_____ and when they do assess alternatives, they may be externally nebulous about their criteria of evaluation.

    1.
    (1) Regrettably
    (2) Firstly
    (3) Obviously
    (4) Apparently

    2.
    (1) quantitatively
    (2) systematically
    (3) scientifically
    (4) analytically

    3.
    (1) implications
    (2) disadvantages
    (3) utility
    (4) alternatives        (CAT 2002)

     


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    Answer: Option 1 Option 1 Option 4


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    Question 2

    Fill the gaps in the passage below with the most appropriate word from the options given for each
    gap. The right words are the ones used by the author. Be guided by the author's overall style and meaning when you choose the answers.

    In a large company, ____(1)____ people is about as common as using a gun or a switch-blade to ____(2)____ an argument. As a result, most managers have little or no experience of firing people, and they find it emotionally automatic, as result, they often delay the act interminably, much as an unhappy spouse will prolong a bad marriage. And when the firing is done, it's often done clumsily, with far worse side effects than are necessary.

    Do the world-class software organizations have a different way of firing people? No. But they do the deed swiftly, humanely, and professionally. The key point here is to view the fired employee as a "failed product" and to ask how the process ____(3)____ such a phenomenon in the first place.

    1.
    (1) dismissing
    (2) punishing
    (3) firing
    (4) admonishing

    2.
    (1) resolve
    (2) thwart
    (3) defeat
    (4) close

    3.
    (1) derived
    (2) engineered
    (3) produced
    (4) allowed          (CAT 2002)


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    Answer: Option 3 Option 1 Option 4


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    Question 3

    find out the option which represents the similar meaning to the given word

    OPPROBRIUM - The police had to bear the opprobrium generated by their blatant partisan conduct.

    (1) Harsh criticism

    (2) Acute distrust

    (3) Bitter enmity

    (4) Stark oppressiveness   (CAT 2002)


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    Answer: Option 1


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    Question 4

    find out the option which represents the similar meaning to the given word

    PORTENDS - It appears to many that US "war on terrorism" portends trouble in Gulf.

    (1) Introduces

    (2) Bodes

    (3) Spells

    (4) Evokes                      (CAT 2002)


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    Answer: Option 2


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    Question 5

    find out the option which represents the similar meaning to the given word

    PREVARICATE - When her video tape recording was shown to her and asked to explain her presence, she started prevaricating.

    (1) Speaking evasively

    (2) Speaking violently

    (3) Lying furiously

    (4) Throwing a tantrum     (CAT 2002)


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    Answer: Option 1


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    Question 6

    find out the option which represents the similar meaning to the given word

    RESTIVE - The waiting public started getting restive when the leader got late for the speech

    (1) Angry

    (2) Violent

    (3) Restless

    (4) Distressed             (CAT 2002)


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    Answer: Option 3


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    Question 7

    Find out the option which represents the similar meaning to the given word

    OSTENSIBLE - The watchmen's ostensible job is to guard this building.

    (1) Blatant

    (2) Ostentatious

    (3) Insidious

    (4) Apparent                  (CAT 2002)


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    Answer: Option 4


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    Question 8

    But ________ are now regularly written not just for tools, but well-established practices, organisations and institutions, not all of which seem to be ________ away.

    (1) reports, withering

    (2) stories, trading

    (3) books, dying

    (4) obituaries, fading   (CAT 2002)


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    Answer: Option 4


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    Question 9

    The Darwin who ________ is most remarkable for the way in which he ________ the attributes of the world class thinker and head of the household.

    (1) comes, figures

    (2) arises, adds

    (3) emerges, combines

    (4) appeared, combines    (CAT 2001)


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    Answer: Option 3


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    Question 10

    Since her face was free of ________ there was no way to ________ if she appreciated what had happened.

    (1) makeup, realise

    (2) expression, ascertain

    (3) emotion, diagnose

    (4) scars, understand   (CAT 2001)


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