Question Bank - Arithmetic - Hemant Malhotra



  • Q45) Two swimmers starts swimming simultaneously from the same point, one towards the south and the other towards the east. After two hours the shortest distance between them is 100 km. The speed of the slower swimmer is 75% of that of the faster swimmer. What is the speed of the faster swimmer?



  • Q46) Two cyclists are travelling at a speed of 3 km/hr and 10 km/hr around a circular track. What should be the ratio of number of distinct points that they would meet on that track if they travel in the same direction first and in the opposite direction next?



  • Q47) Shefali and Parul have got a certain number of red and black marbles with them. The ratio of number of red marbles and black marbles with Shefali and Parul is 7 : 1 and 9 : 1 respectively. If in all they have 90 marbles, then how many red marbles could Parul have?



  • Q48) Nine mangoes, four apples and six pineapples cost Rs 114. lf four mangoes, six apples and nine pineapples also cost Rs 114, what is the cost of five mangoes?
    (A) 30
    (B) 45
    (C) 40
    (D) Cannot be determined



  • Q49) A man arrrves at his destination at 12:00 p.m., if he cycles there at 8 km/hr. He would arrive there at 10:00 a.m, if he cycles there at 12km/hr. find the speed (in km/hr) at which he must cycle to get there at 2:00 p.m.







  • Q50) Bhagat and Chandu start simultaneously from village X to village Y, with their respective speeds in the ratio of 3 2. After traveling one-fourth of the total distance. Chandu triples his speed and travels for some more time. Following which, he again changes his speed and completes the rest of the journey. Bhagat, however maintains his initial speed throughout the journey. If both Bhagat and Chandu reach the village Y at the same time, and the time for which Chandu travel'ed at thrice his initial speed was one-third or his total time of travel, then find the ratio of the respective speeds with which Bhagat and Chandu reach the village Y.
    a) 24 : 7
    b) 18 : 7
    c) 7 : 2
    d) 3 : 1
    e) 4 : 1



  • Let total distance be 360x
    and speed be 3x and 2x
    Time by B = 360x/3x = 120
    so Total time by C has to be 120
    Now first 1/4 = 360 * 1/4 = 90x
    Now first distance 1/4 = 360*1/4 = 90 so time = 45
    next , 1/3 of total time ie 120 so 40
    time left 40+42 = 85 so 120-85 = 35
    and distance left =360x - 90x - 240x = 30x
    so speed has to be 30x/35 = 6x/7
    so final ratio
    3x: 6x/7
    or 7:2



  • Q51) A vendor sells 20 apples for a Rupee gaining there – by 50%. How many apples did he buy for a Rupee ?
    (a) 30
    (b) 12
    (c) 14
    (d) 16



  • Q52) Ram and Kanti working together can complete a job in 11^(13/16) days. Ram started working alone and quit the job after completing 1/3rd of it, and then Kanti completed the remaining work. They took 25 days to complete the work in this manner. How many days could Kanti have taken to complete the job working alone?



  • Total days=189/16 days
    let total work =189
    so work done in one days=16 unit
    Let Ram's work in one day=a unit
    Kanti's work in one day=(16-a) unit
    now work completed by Ram =189 * 1/3=63 unit
    numbr of days =63/a
    now remaining days=25-((63/a))
    ((25a-63)/a
    work (16-a) * (25a-63)/a=126
    so a=9
    now Kanti's work=7
    so kanti will take =189/7=27



  • Q53) Ram and Shyam have some coins. If Ram gives x coins to Shyam, he would have thrice as many coins as Shyam would. If Ram gives 2x coins to Shyam, he would have twice as many coins as Shyam would. What is the ratio of the number of coins with Ram and Shyam initially?
    a) 7 : 1
    b) 5 : 2
    c) 5 : 1
    d) Cannot be determined.



  • Q54) Ram and Rohan are walking towards each other. When they both started together at 08:00 hours, they meet at 08:04 hours. If Ram starts at 08:00 and Rohan starts at 08:03 hours from their initial position, they meet at 08:05 hours. How much minutes would Rohan take to reach Ram if Ram doesn't walk at all ?
    a) 8
    b) 9
    c) 10
    d) 11
    e) 12



  • Q55) A man sells two scooters for Rs.12000 each. He makes a profit of 20% on one and a loss of 20% on the other. The profit/loss, on the whole, is
    a) Rs.1000 profit
    b) Rs.1000 loss
    c) Rs.960 profit
    d) Rs.960 loss



  • Q56) If the selling price of 10 apples is equal to the cost price of 14 apples, which, in turn is equal to one-third of the total discount offered upon 70 apples. Then find the profit / loss percentage when the mark-up percentage is halved and the discount percentage is decreased by 5 percentage points?



  • Q57) John bought 20 kg of wheat at the rate of Rs.8.50 per kg and 35 kg at the rate of Rs.8.75 per kg. He mixed the two. Approximately at what price per kg should he sell the mixture to make 40% profit at the cost price?
    a. Rs.12
    b. Rs.8
    c. Rs.16
    d. Rs.20



  • Q58) M litres of milk solution contains 80% milk. Instead of adding certain amount of water to change the 80% milk solution to 60% milk solution, same amount of milk is added by mistake. To the resulting solution W litres of water is added and the initial objective of 60% milk solution is attained. What is the ratio of M and W.



  • Q59) I sold 4 items @ rs 300, 300, 300, 700 and customer settled whole deal on 1400 rs with 200 rs as bargain money and he gave me 1300 rs and promise to pay 100 rs later . on next day he came and return 700 rs item so, tell me how much money should I give him back ?



  • Q60) A shopkeeper claims to sell his items at 10% loss. but he secretly makes a profit of 20% by using a false weight. what is effective profit % that he makes on 100 gm.


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