Quant Boosters - Rajesh Balasubramanian - Set 4


  • Director, 2IIM Online CAT Preparation | IIT Madras | IIM Bangalore | CAT 100th percentile - CAT 2011, 2012, 2014 and 2017.


    Here, again the distance is constant. However if we write the equation as we did in previous question, we get:
    s * t = (s + 5) * (t - 1) = 100
    In this case, we can identify other constant as the time which Alok took less to cover the distance i.e. 1 hour. So, we can write:
    100/s−100/(s+5) = 1 (Difference of time take in both the cases is 1 hour)
    =) 100s + 500 - 100s = s(s+5)
    =) s(s+5) = 500 (One should practice to solve these kind of equations directly by factorizing 500 into 20 X 25, instead of solving the entire quadratic. However, if you are more comfortable with quadratic, keep using it. More important thing is to avoid silly mistakes once you have got the concept right)
    Solving we get, s = 20 Km/hr
    Therefore, Increased speed = s + 5 = 25 km/hr
    We could have alternatively identified increase in speed by 5 Km/hr as a constant. Therefore, we could write the equations as:
    100/(t−1) − 100/t = 5
    Solving, we get t = 5 hrs, t-1 = 4hrs. Therefore, increased speed = 100/(t−1) = 25 Km/hr.


  • Director, 2IIM Online CAT Preparation | IIT Madras | IIM Bangalore | CAT 100th percentile - CAT 2011, 2012, 2014 and 2017.


    Q22) Akash when going slower by by 15 Km/hr, reaches late by 45 hours. If he goes faster by 10 Km/hr from his original speed, he reaches early by by 20 hours than the original time. Find the distance he covers.
    a) 8750 Km
    b) 9750 Km
    c) 1000 Km
    d) 3750 Km


  • Director, 2IIM Online CAT Preparation | IIT Madras | IIM Bangalore | CAT 100th percentile - CAT 2011, 2012, 2014 and 2017.


    You may solve for D and S by writing the equations as:
    D/(s−15) − D/s = 45
    D/s − D/(s+10) = 20

    You can solve these two equations to get D = 9750 Km which is a perfectly fine approach.

    However, if you are comfortable with alligation, you may save time on such TSD question as:

    0_1516622310347_a156c26b-0b86-48d4-a05b-fa38f1661364-image.png

    Both these equations can be solved quickly to get s = 65 Km/hr, t = 150 hr. Therefore, D = 9750 Km. I want to reiterate that using the first approach is perfectly fine. That's how I would do it. It is better to spend 20 seconds extra and get the right answer instead of getting it wrong with something you are not comfortable with.

    Correct Answer: 9750 Km


  • Director, 2IIM Online CAT Preparation | IIT Madras | IIM Bangalore | CAT 100th percentile - CAT 2011, 2012, 2014 and 2017.


    Q23) Raj was travelling to his hometown from Mumbai. He met with a small accident 80 Km away from Mumbai and continued the remaining journey at 4/5 of his original speed and reached his hometown 1 hour and 24 minutes late. If he had met with the accident 40 Km further, he would have been an hour late.
    What is Raj's normal speed?
    a) 20 Km/hr
    b) 15 Km/hr
    c) 30 Km/hr
    d) 25 Km/hr


  • Director, 2IIM Online CAT Preparation | IIT Madras | IIM Bangalore | CAT 100th percentile - CAT 2011, 2012, 2014 and 2017.


    Scenario 1

    0_1516622452739_b3f5ffaf-3511-4356-8b0c-472e09e7cf56-image.png

    5D1/4s − D1/s = 1 + 24/60 (always write minutes in this form if the unit is Km/hr)

    D1/s = 7/5 ∗ 4 = 28/5 hours

    Scenario 2

    0_1516622724990_86ef528c-d709-4298-ae3a-2eb150378a51-image.png

    5D2/4s − D2/s = 1
    =) D2/s = 4 hours

    i) Therefore, in his normal speed, he can travel 40 Km in 28/5 − 4 = 8/5 hours
    so, s = 40/(8/5) = 25 Km/hr. Answer d)

    ii) D1/s = 28/5 =) D1 = 140 Km. Therefore, total distance D = 140 + 80 = 220 Km


  • Director, 2IIM Online CAT Preparation | IIT Madras | IIM Bangalore | CAT 100th percentile - CAT 2011, 2012, 2014 and 2017.


    Q24) Two persons A and B start moving at each other from point P and Q respectively which are 1400 Km apart. Speed of A is 50 Km/hr and that of B is 20 Km/hr. How far is A from Q when he meets B for the 22nd time?
    a) 1000 Km
    b) 400 Km
    c) 800 Km
    d) 1400 Km


  • Director, 2IIM Online CAT Preparation | IIT Madras | IIM Bangalore | CAT 100th percentile - CAT 2011, 2012, 2014 and 2017.


    Total distance travelled by both of them for 22nd meeting = 1400 + 21 x 2 x 1400 = 43 x 1400

    Distance travelled by each will be in proportion of their speed:-

    Therefore, distance travelled by A = 50/(50 + 20) x 43 x 1400 = 43000 (Note - Always do complicated calculations at last because things cancel out generally)

    Now, for every odd multiple of 1400, A will be at Q and for every even multiple of 1400 A will be at P. So, at 42000 Km (1400 x 30, even multiple) A will beat P. So at their 22 meeting, A will be 1000 Km from P, therefore, 400 Km from Q


  • Director, 2IIM Online CAT Preparation | IIT Madras | IIM Bangalore | CAT 100th percentile - CAT 2011, 2012, 2014 and 2017.


    Q25) What would happen in the previous question if both A and B had started at point P.
    a) 800 Km
    b) 600 Km
    c) 1000 Km
    d) 350 Km


  • Director, 2IIM Online CAT Preparation | IIT Madras | IIM Bangalore | CAT 100th percentile - CAT 2011, 2012, 2014 and 2017.


    For 22nd meeting, total distance travelled = 22 x 2 x 1400 Km
    Distance travelled by A = 5/7 ∗ 44 ∗ 1400 = 44000Km (1400 x 31 + 600).
    Therefore, A would be 600 Km from Q


  • Director, 2IIM Online CAT Preparation | IIT Madras | IIM Bangalore | CAT 100th percentile - CAT 2011, 2012, 2014 and 2017.


    Q26) Two trains A and B are 100 m and 150 m long and are moving at one another at 54 Km/hr and 36 Km/hr respectively. Arun is sitting on coach B1 of train A. Calculate the time taken by Arun to completely cross Train B.
    a) 10 s
    b) 6 s
    c) 4 s
    d) 8 s


  • Director, 2IIM Online CAT Preparation | IIT Madras | IIM Bangalore | CAT 100th percentile - CAT 2011, 2012, 2014 and 2017.


    Speed of A = 54 ∗ 1000/(60∗60) = 15 m/s
    Speed of B = 36 ∗ 1000/(60∗60) = 10 m/s
    Relative speed = S1 + S2 = 15 + 10 m/s = 25 m/s
    The length that needs to be crossed = length of train B = 150 m. Therefore time taken = 150/25 = 6s.

    What is the time taken for trains to completely cross each other?
    The length that needs to be crossed = 100 + 150 = 250 m.
    Time taken = 250/25 = 10 s.


  • Director, 2IIM Online CAT Preparation | IIT Madras | IIM Bangalore | CAT 100th percentile - CAT 2011, 2012, 2014 and 2017.


    Q27) Two trains start together from a Station A in the same direction. The second train can cover 1.25 times the distance of first train in the same time. Half an hour later, a third train starts from same station and in the same direction. It overtakes the second train exactly 90 minutes after it overtakes the first train. What is the speed of third train, if the speed of the first train is 40 Km/hr?
    a) 20 Km/hr
    b) 50 Km/hr
    c) 60 Km/hr
    d) 80 Km/hr


  • Director, 2IIM Online CAT Preparation | IIT Madras | IIM Bangalore | CAT 100th percentile - CAT 2011, 2012, 2014 and 2017.


    Speed of Train B = Sb = 1.25 x Sa = 1.25 x 40 = 50 Km/hr

    In half an hour, Train A would have mover = 40∗1/2 = 20 Km away from train C .

    Therefore, train C will have to cover 20 Km in relative speed to cross train A. So, time taken = 20/(Sc−40) (where Sc - 40 Km/hr is the relative speed of train C w.r.t A)

    Similarly, train C will have to cover 50∗1/2 = 25 Km in relative speed to cross train B. So, time taken = 25/(Sc−50).

    Given the difference between these two times is 90 minutes. Therefore, 25/(Sc−50)−20/(Sc−40) = 90/60 = 3/2.

    Now, instead of solving this equation, one can quickly put in the options in this equation to find Sc = 60 Km/hr.

    Note - You should be able to rule out A and B beforehand because speed of train Chas to be greater than Train A and B to overtake them.


  • Director, 2IIM Online CAT Preparation | IIT Madras | IIM Bangalore | CAT 100th percentile - CAT 2011, 2012, 2014 and 2017.


    Q28) Two trains left from two stations P and Q towards station Q and station P respectively. 3 hours after they met, they were 675 Km apart. First train arrived at its destination 16 hours after their meeting and the second train arrived at its destination 25 hours after their meeting. How long did it take the first train to make the whole trip?
    a) 18h
    b) 36h
    c) 25h
    d) 48h


  • Director, 2IIM Online CAT Preparation | IIT Madras | IIM Bangalore | CAT 100th percentile - CAT 2011, 2012, 2014 and 2017.


    Total distance travelled by both the trains before meeting = D. This distance will be covered in the proportion of their speeds. Clarify with the diagram.

    3 hours after meeting distance travelled by A = SA x 3 and by B = SB x 3

    Therefore, 3 (SA + SB) = 675 =) SA + SB = 225.

    Now the remaining distance to be covered by first train is DSB/(SA + SB).

    Therefore, time taken = DSB/(SA+SB)SA = 16 ---------- (1)

    Similarly, DSA/(SA+SB)SB = 25 ---------- (2)

    Dividing equation 1 by 2

    SA^2/SB^2 = 25/16 => SA/SB = 5/4.
    Therefore, SA + 4/5 ∗ SA = 225 => SA = 125 Km/hr and SB = 100 Km/hr

    From equation 2, D/SA = 16 ∗ (SA + SB)/SB = 16 ∗ 225/100 = 36 h which is the time taken for the first train to complete the journey.


  • Director, 2IIM Online CAT Preparation | IIT Madras | IIM Bangalore | CAT 100th percentile - CAT 2011, 2012, 2014 and 2017.


    Q29) Arjun travels from A to B, a distance of 200 Km at the speed of 40 Km/hr. At the same time, Rakesh starts from point C at a speed of 20 Km/hr along a roadwhich is perpendicular to AB. Find the time in which Arjun & Rakesh will be closer to each other?
    a) 1.5 h
    b) 3.33 h
    c) 5 h
    d) 4 h


  • Director, 2IIM Online CAT Preparation | IIT Madras | IIM Bangalore | CAT 100th percentile - CAT 2011, 2012, 2014 and 2017.


    0_1516623859456_f2d28826-9ddf-4bc1-b052-3391e0e60372-image.png

    Distance between the two at any time t, D = sqrt((200−40t)^2 + (20t)^2)
    One way to calculate is to find the minima using d/dt (D) = 0
    =) 1/(2 sqrt(Doesn't matter)) x 2 x (200 - 40t) x -40 + (2 x 20t) x 20) = 0
    =) 2 x (200 - 40t) x -40 = -40t x 20
    =) 400 - 80t = 20t
    =) t = 4 hours.

    Alternatively, you can find the right answer by putting the options in the equation.


  • Director, 2IIM Online CAT Preparation | IIT Madras | IIM Bangalore | CAT 100th percentile - CAT 2011, 2012, 2014 and 2017.


    Q30) Station X of length 900 meters has two station masters A and B. But as the station is not a busy one, they are mostly jobless and decide to conduct an experiment. They stand at either end of the station and decide to note the exact time when trains cross the stationmasters. They synchronize their watches and proceed to either end of the station. Two trains P and Q go past the station (neither train stops here), and after having taken down their readings, the station masters sit down to have a chat

    A: Train P entered the station at exactly 8:00:00
    B: Train Q entered the station at exactly 8:00:10 (10 seconds past 8)
    A: The last carriage of train P crossed me by at 8:00:20, and precisely two seconds after this, the engines of the two trains went past each other. (Engines are at the front of the train)
    B: The last carriage of train Q crossed me 22 seconds after the engine of P went past me.
    A: After the last carriage of train P crossed by me, it took 35 seconds for the engine of train Q to cross me.
    B: I got bored and I came here.

    Q1. What is the length of train Q?

    Q2. At what time do the rear ends of the two trains cross each other?

    Q3. How far from station master A do the rear ends of the two trains cross each other?

    Q4. You are told that the two trains enter the station at the same times mentioned and the length of the two trains are unchanged. Furthermore, train P continues to travel at the same speed (as computed above). At what minimum speed should train Q travel such that the rear ends of the two trains cross each other at a point within the length of the platform?


  • Director, 2IIM Online CAT Preparation | IIT Madras | IIM Bangalore | CAT 100th percentile - CAT 2011, 2012, 2014 and 2017.


    Now, let us try to jot down the points in a slightly different format and see if we can make any inferences. Let us assume speed of train P = p, speed of train Q = q, length of train P = L, length of train Q = M

    Take statements 1 and 3

    Train P crosses the stationmaster A entirely in 20 seconds (enters station at 8:00:00 and last carriage passes at 8:00:20) => Length of train = 20p => L = 20p

    Statement 5 tells us that engine of train Q crosses station master A at 8:00:55. Train Q enters the station at 8:00:10, so the train takes 45 seconds to cross the entire station. Or, it takes 45 seconds to travel 900 meters => Speed to train Q, q = 20m/s.

    Statement 3 tells us that the two trains cross each other at 8:00:22. This implies train P has traveled for 22 seconds since entering the station and train Q has traveled for 12 seconds since entering the station before they cross each other. The cumulative distance traveled by the two trains should be equal to the length of the station = 900m.

    => 900 = 22p + 12q

    q = 20m/s => p = 30m/s.

    So, train P_ takes 900/p = 30 seconds to cross the station. So, engine of train P will cross stationmaster B at 8:00:30.

    Statement 4 states that the last carriage of Q went past 22 seconds after the engine of P went by. Or, the last carriage of Q went by at 8:00:52.

    Engine of train Q went by at 8:00:10, last carriage went by at 8:00:52, or train Q took 42 seconds to cross station master B. Train Q travels at 20m/s. => Length of train Q = 840m

    Now, to the questions

    Q1) What is the length of train Q?

    Train Q is 840m long

    Q2) At what time do the rear ends of the two trains cross each other?

    The engines cross each other at 8:00:22. The relative speed of the two trains = 20+30 = 50m/s. The relative distance traveled by two trains from the time the engines cross each other to the times the rear ends cross each other = Sum of the two lengths = 600 + 840 =1440. Time taken = 1440/50 = 28.8 seconds past 8:00:22, or at 8:00:50.8 seconds.

    Q3) How far from station master A do the rear ends of the two trains cross each other?

    At 8:00:50.8, P would have traveled 50.8 * 30m/s post entering the station. Or, train P would have traveled 1524m. The rear end of train P would be at a point 1524-600m = 924m from stationmaster A (or 24 meters from stationmaster B and outside the station)

    Q4) You are told that the two trains enter the station at the same times mentioned and the length of the two trains are unchanged. Furthermore, train P continues to travel at the same speed (as computed above). At what minimum speed should train Q travel such that the rear ends of the two trains cross each other at a point within the length of the platform?

    Rear end of train P crosses the station completely at 8:00:50. (Train P takes 30 seconds to travel the station and 20 seconds to travel a distance equal to its length). Train Q should have traveled 840m by this time. => Train Q should travel 840 within 40 seconds.

    Or, minimum speed of Q = 840/40 = 21m/s.



  • we can do this another way too:
    The time in which antony covers 20 m, amar will cover 20 + 12 - 14 = 18 m
    => (20/antony) = (18/amar)
    => amar = (18/20) antony = (9/10) antony
    Choice a .


 

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