Quant Boosters - Rajesh Balasubramanian - Set 1

  • No two boys sit next to each other => Boys and girls must alternate. As they are seated around a circular table, there is no other possibility.
    Now, 4 boys and 4 girls need to be seated around a circular table such that they alternate. Again, let us do this in two steps.
    Step I: Let 4 boys occupy seats around a circle. This can be done in 3! ways.
    Step II: Let 4 girls take the 4 seats between the boys. This can be done in 4! ways.
    Note that when the girls go to occupy seats around the table, the idea of the circular arrangement is gone. Girls occupy seats between the boys. The seats are defined as seat between B1 & B2, B2 & B3, B3 & B4 or B4 & B1. So there are 4! ways of doing this.
    Total number of ways = 3! × 4! = 6 × 24 = 144

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