Question Bank  100 Arithmetic Questions From Previous CAT Papers (Solved)

Part 1 : X reaches Boston at 10 AM. At the same moment, time in Frankfurt is 6 AM. Hence, the journey time was 12 hours.
X reaches India at 1 AM. At the same moment, time in Boston is 11 PM. Hence, the journey time was 11 hours.
Waiting time = 2 hours.
So, total time = 12 + 2 + 11 = 25 hours.
Avg speed = 180 mph
Distance = 180 x 25 = 4,500 miles.Part 2 : Total time taken for return journey = Total time for onward journey  1 = 25  1 = 24 hours
Part 3 : Not sufficient data here.

Q49. (CAT 1996)
A watch dealer incurs an expense of Rs. 150 for producing every watch. He also incurs an additional expenditure of Rs. 30,000, which is independent of the number of watches produced. If he is able to sell a watch during the season, he sells it for Rs. 250. If he fails to do so, he has to sell each watch for Rs. 100.If he is able to sell only 1,200 out of 1,500 watches he has made in the season, then he has made a profit of
a. Rs. 90,000
b. Rs. 75,000
c. Rs. 45,000
d. Rs. 60,000If he produces 1,500 watches, what is the number of watches that he must sell during the season in order to breakeven, given that he is able to sell all the watches produced?
a. 500
b. 700
c. 800
d. 1,000

Part 1 : For the 1200 watches he managed to sell in the season will give him 100 rs profit a piece. (250  150)
Remaining 300 watches will bring him a loss of 50 rupees a piece (as they can be sold at 100 only)
So total earning = 120000  15000 = 105000
out of which 30000 is additional expense (fixed)
So total profit = 105000  30000 = 75000Part 2 : Cost Price = 150 x 1500 + 30000 = 255000
Selling price (if he sold x items during the season) = x * 250 + (1500  x) * 100 = 150x + 150000
For break even, 255000 = 150x + 150000
150x = 105000
x = 700

Q50. (CAT 1996)
Instead of a metre scale, a cloth merchant uses a 120 cm scale while buying, but uses an 80 cm scale while selling the same cloth. If he offers a discount of 20% on cash payment, what is his overall profit percentage?
a. 20%
b. 25%
c. 40%
d. 15%

Let price of 1 meter is 100
Merchant bought 1200 cm for 100 and he sells 800 cm for 80
Selling price of 1200 cm is 1200 x 80/800 = 120
Profit percentage is 20%

Q51. (CAT 1996)
The cost of diamond varies directly as the square of its weight. Once, this diamond broke into four pieces with weights in the ratio 1 : 2 : 3 : 4. When the pieces were sold, the merchant got Rs. 70,000 less. Find the original price of the diamond.
a. Rs. 1.4 lakh
b. Rs. 2 lakh
c. Rs. 1 lakh
d. Rs. 2.1 lakh

If we assume weight of diamond 10x. Well I came up with 10x because the ratio given 1 : 2 : 3 : 4 adds upto 10.
So individual weights of diamonds will be x, 2x, 3x and 4x
original price = k(10x)^2
Price for pieces = k(x^2 + 4x^2 + 9x^2 + 16x^2) = k30x^2
Thus change in price we see is 100kx^2  30kx^2 = 70kx^2 which is given as 70,000
Thus the original price 100kx^2 will be 1,00,000
will be 1,00,000

Q52. (CAT 1996)
In a mile race, Akshay can be given a start of 128 m by Bhairav. If Bhairav can give Chinmay a start of 4 m in a 100 m dash, then who out of Akshay and chinmay will win a race of one and half miles and what will be the final lead given by the winner to the loser? (One mile is 1600 m)
(a) Akshay, 1/2 mile
(b) Chinmay, 1/32 mile
(c) Akshay, 1/24 mile
(d) Chinmay, 1/16 mile

B will cover 1600m when A covers 1600 – 128 = 1472m
Let the time taken be t
Speed of B= 1600/t
Speed of A= 1472/t
Speed of B/ Speed of A= 1600 / 1472 = 25/23  (1)
Similarly
Speed of B / Speed of C = 100/96 = 25/24  (2)
From (1) and (2)
Speed of A / Speed of C = 23/24
Let speed of A = 23x, then Speed of C = 24x
Time taken by C to complete one and half miles race = (1600 x 1.5)/24x = 100/x
In same time distance covered by A = 100/x * 23x = 2300m
Therefore lead = 2400 – 2300
= 100 m
= 1/16 mile
Therefore winner is C by 1/16 mile

Q53. (CAT 1996)
Two liquids A and B are in the ratio 5 : 1 in container 1 and 1 : 3 in container 2. In what ratio should the contents of the two containers be mixed so as to obtain a mixture of A and B in the ratio 1 : 1?
a. 2 : 3
b. 4 : 3
c. 3 : 2
d. 3 : 4

Take 1 portion from container 1 and N portions from container 2.
Then we collect total 5A/6 + B/6 + N(3B/4 + A/4)
Ratio of A and B in the new mix is (5/6 + N/4)A : (3N/4 + 1/6)B
for A : B = 1 : 1, the coefficients of A and B must be equal
(5/6 + N/4) = (3N/4 + 1/6)
N = 4/3
So the required ratio is 1 : 4/3 = 3 : 4

Q54. (CAT 1996)
A man travels threefifths of a distance AB at a speed 3a, and the remaining at a speed 2b. If he goes from B to A and return at a speed 5c in the same time, then
a) 1/a + 1/b = 1/c
b) a + b = c
c) 1/a + 1/b = 2/c
d) None of these

Let distance between A and B = d
Time taken to cover 3d/5 = (3d/5)/3a = d/5a
Time taken to cover remaining distance = (2d/5)/2b = d/5b
Time taken to go from B to A and then return to B = 2d/5c
Now, d/5a + d/5b = 2d/5c
1/a + 1/b = 2/c

Q55. (CAT 1996)
A man travels from A to B at a speed x km/hr. He then rests at B for x hours. He then travels from B to C at a speed 2x km/hr and rests for 2x hours. He moves further to D at a speed twice as that between B and C. He thus reaches D in 16 hr. If distances AB, BC and CD are all equal to 12 km, the time for which he rested at B could be
a. 3 hr
b. 6 hr
c. 2 hr
d. 4 hr

Total time taken = Time taken for each stretch + rest time between stretches = 16
(12/x) + x + (12/2x) + 2x + (12/4x) = 16
12/x + x + 1/6x + 2x + 1/3x = 16
3x^2  16x + 21 = 0
x = 3 hours

Q56. (CAT 1996)
The price of a Maruti car rises by 30% while the sales of the car come down by 20%. What is the percentage change in the total revenue?
a. –4%
b. –2%
c. +4%
d. +2%

Let say 100 cars were sold before for a price of 100 rupee each.
So total revenue before = 10000
Now car price is 130 and sale is 80. Total revenue = 10400
Percentage change = + 4%

Q57. (CAT 1996)
In a watch, the minute hand crosses the hour hand for the third time exactly after every 3 hr 18 min and 15 s of watch time. What is the time gained or lost by this watch in one day?
a. 14 min 10 s lost
b. 13 min 50 s lost
c. 13 min 20 s gained
d. 14 min 40 s gained

Remember this point  In a normal watch, minute hand crosses hour hand every 1 hour 5 minutes and 27 seconds ( which is equal to 720/11 minutes or ~ 3930 seconds)
So to cross thrice, a correct watch would take  3 hours 16 minutes and 21 seconds
Here it took 3 hours 18 minutes and 15 seconds, means it is losing time. (1 minute and 54 seconds for every 3 hours 18 minutes and 15 seconds)
So the time lost in a day (24 hours) is approximately 13 minutes 50 seconds.

Q58. (CAT 1996)
I sold two watches for Rs. 300 each, one at the loss of 10% and the other at the profit of 10%. What is the percentage of loss (–) or profit (+) that resulted from the transaction?
a. (+) 10
b. (–) 1
c. (+) 1
d. (–) 10