Quant Boosters  Vikas Saini  Set 4

We take 88 from 488.
488 mod 40 = 8.
= 88^8
= (2^3 x 11 )^8
= 2^24 x 11^8
= 2^(20K+4) x 11^8
= 2^20k x 2^4 x 11^8
= 76 x 16 x 81
= 16 x 81
= 96
Hence last two digits 96.

Q22) Find the last two digits of 297^455

We take 97 from 297.
455 mod 40 = 15.
Therefore 297^455
= 97^15
= (97)^4k + 3
= (97^4)^3 x 97^3
=81^3 x 97^2 x 97
= 41 x 09 x 97
= 69 x 97
= 93.
Hence 93.

Q23) In first 252 natural numbers, how many times we need to write number 4?

Unit place = 10+10+5=25.
Ten’s place = 10+10+10 = 30.
Total times = 25 + 30 = 55.

Q24) In first 252 natural numbers, how many numbers contain digit 4?

Unit digit = 10 + 10 + 5 = 25.
Ten’s digit = 10 + 10 + 10 = 30.
Unit & Ten’s digit both = 3 (44,144,244)
Total numbers = 25 + 30  3 = 52.

Q25) In book has 100 pages, how many digits have been used to number the pages ?

1 9 = 9 digits
10 – 99 = 2 x 90 = 180 digits.
100 = 3 digits.
Total = 9 + 180 + 3 = 192.

Q26) There are 3 consecutive natural numbers such that square of the second is 19 more than 9 times of sum of first & third number. Find second number.

Let 3 consecutive numbers are n1, n and n+1.
=> n^2 – 19 = 9(n 1+n+1)
=> n^2 – 19 = 9 x 2n
=> n^2 – 18n + 19 = 0.
=> (n19) (n+1) = 0.
=> n = 19, 1.
Second number is 19.

Q27) Let N = 999999 ... 36 times. How many 9’s are there in N^2 ?

99^2 = 9801 (one 9)
999^2 = 998001 (two 9)
9999^2 = 99980001 (three 9)
Therefore (99999……….36 time)^2 should have 35 nines.

Q28) How many positive numbers are there which is equal to 12 times sum of their digits ?

For 2 digit number
Let the number is 10a+b.
10a + b = 12(a+b)
= > 10a + b = 12a + 12b
= > 2a = 11b
None two digit number exist here.For 3 digit numbers
Let the number is 100a+10b+c.
100a + 10b + c = 12(a+b+c)
= > 100a + 10b + c = 12a + 12b + 12c
= > 88a – 2b = 11c.
b = 0.
= > 88 a = 11 c.
= > 8a = c.
a = 1, c = 8.
Number 108.For 4 digit number
1000a+100b+10c+d
1000a+100b+10c+d = 12(a+b+c+d)
= > 1000 a + 100 b + 10 c + d = 12 a + 12 b + 12 c + 12 d
= > 988 a + 88b = 2c+11d
Not possible.Hence only positive number is 108.

Q29) If we arrange 4 different color balls like
1 red ball, 2 black balls, 3 green balls, 4 white balls
5 red balls, 6 black balls, 7 green balls, 8 white balls etc...
How many balls would be required to reach the 100th black ball ?

Number\Balls Red Black Green White 1 1 2 3 4 2 5 6 7 8 3 9 10 11 12 4 13 14 15 16 5 17 18 19 20 6 21 22 23 24 7 25 26 27 28 8 29 2   Total 120 100 105 112 Total = 120 + 100 + 105 + 112 = 437.
437th ball is the 100th black ball.

Q30) If A, B, C, D, E represent distinct digit from 1 to 5.
ABE = E x BE.
CDA = CA x AA.
BCA + CCD = EEE.
Find the value of AB x CE.

Here given E x E = E and A x A =A.
So E = 1 or 5, A = 5 or 1.
Let’s put E = 1 and A = 5.
5B1 = 1 x B1
Not possible.
Let’s put E = 5 and A = 1.
1B5 = 5 x B5
So B = 2.
BBA + CCD = EEE.
221 + CCD = 555.
1 + D = 5.
D = 4.
2 + C = 5.
C = 3.
AB x CE = 12 x 35 = 420.